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By Laura A. Janda

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Additional info for A geography of case semantics: the Czech dative and the Russian instrumental

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This is significant because cognitive semantics makes the same claim: nodes in a network are places where instantiations tend to cluster, but this does not mean that the semantic space between them is empty; on the contrary, there usually are transitional examples. 2. Hierarchical relations among meanings It is customary among both catalogers and feature-specifiers 56 to speak of "basic" meanings for cases, but this device reaches its apex in the works of Roman Jakobson. Jakobson (1936 [1971]: 35) made several distinctions relevant to the status of case meanings.

S put forward a series of schemas as well as a prototype for the dative. outline the network that they comprise, but the notion that the subhould be clustered in a network structure is implicit in cognitive sein other models of description as well. Vinogradov (1972: 142) stated nings of the Russian dative form a whole, integrated system. In deuses of the Polish dative, Wierzbicka refers to its meanings as a "fazbicka 1986: 419), and as we shall see in chapter 2, her treatment of instrumental (Wierzbicka 1980) implies a specific network structure, zek's (1964).

This is intended as a contribution to the of the Slavic case system as well as a test of the validity of the del. 2. Cognitive semantics compared with other descriptions of case In this chapter the cognitive model will be compared with other models that have been used to account for case usage. In addition, it will be demonstrated that many scholars have made statements which are consistent with the cognitive model, even when this entailed contradicting their own assumptions. The fact that the cognitive model can accommodate both the major contributions of most scholars as well as such apparent contradictions suggests that it is the model of choice, and indeed, it might have been chosen by most of the authors cited herein if it had been available to them when they were conducting their research.

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