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By Alan Cruse

This handy-size reference e-book comprises the entire phrases more likely to be encountered in a semester's research of sociolinguistics. The definitions are transparent, concise and entire, and lots of examples are supplied. extra maps and diagrams supplement the textual content. hugely steered.

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But suppose twenty-three or twentyfive people turned up: the first sentence would 793 02 pages 001-202 31/3/06 10:19 Page 49 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 49 be false, but the second would be true (there is a similar difference between a couple of and two). 2. , and so on; by expletives used as modifiers, as in It’s bloody cold in here; and by expressions such as to stuff oneself, as in He just sat there stuffing himself and not saying a word (compare eat a hearty meal). Expressive meaning expresses some emotion, judgement, or attitude, but in a non-propositional way.

The verbs bring and take have a similar relation (I’ll bring it to you, I’ll take it to him). There are three main sub-types of deixis: spatial, temporal, and person deixis, and two minor sub-types: social and discourse deixis. Occasionally, the deictic centre is not the speaker (see under projected deixis). denotation The denotation of a linguistic expression is that aspect of its meaning which is involved in its potential for use in making true statements about the world. A distinction is made between two aspects of denotation.

The first interpretation is that the phrase refers to the person who is president of the company at the time of the utterance, who may or may not still be president at the time of the presentation. This reading, which incorporates the current reference of the term, is known as a de re interpretation. The second interpretation is that whoever is president at the time of the presentation ceremony will present the cheque. This reading, which is committed only to the intension of the utterance, but leaves the extension open, is known as a de dicto reading.

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