By Julian Dodd
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Additional resources for An Identity Theory of Truth
For the identity of a set is determined wholly by its membership, and it is this fact that underlies the flaws in McFetridge’s account outlined above. It is far more plausible to take the of relation that holds between utterance and thing said to be that which holds between a token and a type, the latter being, in Ian Rumfitt’s words (1993, p. 448), ‘an abstract entity whose identity does not depend upon the identity of its members, but instead depends upon the condition which a token meets or would have to meet in order to instantiate it’.
3 below. 30. These are Armstrong’s own words (1980, p. 110). 31. In denying that facts are truthmakers I find myself in considerable sympathy with Davidson’s claim that correspondence theories ‘fail to provide entities to which truth vehicles . . can be said to correspond’ (1990, p. 304). However, this is for the reasons given in the text and not because I endorse the notorious ‘slingshot’ argument for this conclusion. (Davidson fires the slingshot in his 1967a, 1969, 1990 and 1996. For a clear explanation of why it misses its target, see Sainsbury (1991, pp.
Perhaps its loss should be viewed as a kind of rite of semantic passage: something that we must all go through if we are to think about oratio obliqua reports maturely. If this were true, it would follow that Davidson’s paratactic account, emended or not, is simply not required. Dummett has taken just this line. Dummett agrees with Frege that (1) is best represented as Propositions, Indirect Speech and Truthbearers 25 (6) Said (Lois Lane, that Superman can fly), and, what is more, he accepts the reference-shift account of the words of the content-sentence which is needed to preserve extensionality.