By Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann
This quantity offers 12 papers on a brand new method of the research of writing structures. For the 1st time, quantitative equipment are brought into this quarter of study in a scientific approach. the person contributions supply an summary approximately quantitative homes of symbols and of writing structures, introduce equipment of study, research person writing platforms as used for various languages, organize an explanatory version of phenomena hooked up to script development/evolution, and provides a point of view to a basic conception of writing structures.
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Extra info for Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition)
The phoneme /AA/ having 19 different representations. 25. There is no maximum of H0 because K is potentially inﬁnite but its minimum is 0. The greater H0 , the more diversiﬁed the phoneme representation. The results for all phonemes are presented in the second and third column of Table 2. It can be seen easily that vowels have more diversiﬁed representations than consonants, though some of them are weakly diversiﬁed (/AE/, /AW/, /OY/). Under other conditions of sampling and interpretation, one would get another picture, but any version is merely an approximation because of the diversity of English.
For the letter
we obtain from the above example nq = 5 and PP
= 2 + 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7. For comparative purposes we deﬁne PP
Wimmer, Gejza; Altmann, Gabriel 1999 Thesaurus of univariate discrete probability distributions. Essen: Stamm. Graphemic representation of English phonemes Fan Fengxiang and Gabriel Altmann 1 Introduction The grapheme-phoneme analysis of English is radically different from cases analyzed hitherto (German, Swedish, Italian, Slovak). This is caused by (i) the historical origins of English, (ii) its many national and regional varieties and (iii) the borrowing of many foreign words. The grapheme-phoneme mapping has been examined from different aspects (cf.