Download Anthropology: The Basics by Peter Metcalf PDF

By Peter Metcalf

The final consultant for the scholar encountering anthropology for the 1st time, Anthropology: The Basics explains and explores key anthropological recommendations including:
<UL> • what's anthropology?
• how do we distinguish cultural transformations from actual ones?
• what's tradition, anyway?
• how do anthropologists learn culture?
• what are the major theories and techniques used today?
• How has the self-discipline replaced over time?
This student-friendly textual content presents an outline of the basic ideas of anthropology and is a useful advisor for an individual eager to research extra approximately this attention-grabbing subject.

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Or is there some sensational fantasy of wild savages whose existence is barely above that of animals? Firth makes it plain that the technology of the Tikopians was simple even by the standards of 1928: no radios, no outboard motors. They had no knowledge of the use of money. But at the same time, the Tikopians were healthy and vigorous, courteous to one another, and enjoyed a rich communal life. Who is to describe that as “primitive”? On the contrary, one is struck by how civilized the Tikopians were.

Just the contrary is true, and that is what physical anthropologists mean by telling us that the supposed races are not really there. These same specialists remain interested in the ways human populations vary, and there is nothing wicked or prejudiced in pointing out that people vary in skin color, just as they do in innumerable other features. So they contrast particular populations, according to what variables interest them in any given research project. But they no longer bother with any kind of master classification of all H.

It adds further complications to the search for our ancestors, however. Not only do the specialists have to find bones, but also establish that there were stone tools – however simple – associated with them. At the same time, there were other species of Hominoidea in existence, whose skeletons reveal that they were not fully bipedal, and whose remains cannot be associated with tools. The next burning question is how many species there have ever been within the genus Homo. The current consensus of expert opinion is that there have been just two.

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