By Martin Blumenson
Anzio, a small city an insignificant hour's force from Rome, turned a battleground on which either Allies and Germans paid a bloody expense. deliberate by means of Churchill as a speedy amphibious flanking maneuver, the 1943 conflict of Anzio has been seen through a few as the most ill-conceived tactical operations of the Allied conflict attempt, and through others as one of many war's singular misplaced possibilities. Blumenson examines the activities of the lads concerned, together with Churchill, Eisenhower, Clark, and Montgomery, and takes into consideration documents from Allied and German resources.
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Additional info for Anzio The Gamble That Failed
To Clark, this would not be fair. While the British Eighth Army had come into Italy easily, Clark's army had had to battle ashore at Salerno and had thereby earned the right to take Rome. Though Clark's army contained a British corps as well as The Gamble That Failed Anzio*: 38] an American corps, the headquarters was indisputably Amer- And somehow it rankled him that the British elements of his command had reached Naples first. It had been planned that way. But if the British Eighth Army reached Rome first, ican.
Believing whole- be declining fall heartedly that selring all of Italy could and should be defended, Kes- saw no danger to communication, and little his forces, no menace to his lines of reason to withdraw from the south. Anzio:* 18] What The Gamble That Failed he needed, he felt, was reinforcement so that he could properly defend the toe and the heel. Despite repeated requests for more troops, Kesselring re- Army ceived only the Tenth headquarters. The Tenth Army commander, General Heinrich von VietinghofF genannt Scheel, had orders not to help Kesselring hold southern Italy indefinitely but to insure the safe withdrawal of German forces from southern Italy to the Rome area in case of Italian defection.
Kesselring's optimism, earlier a source of irritation, began to impress Hitler favorably. pessimistic, even defeatist. " early in October, Hitler told Kesselring to defend the Cassino line in strength. Hitler was not convinced that Kesselring could halt the Allies for months as Kesselring had estimated —Kesselring, entirely six to after all, nine was THE STALEMATE not an army commander but an artillery —yet Hitler force general to give Kesselring his opportunity. was going Rommel air two to send Kesselring [25 He ordered infantry divisions and from northern Italy.