By Bronislaw Malinowski
Bronislaw Malinowski’s pathbreaking Argonauts of the Western Pacific is straight away a close account of trade within the Melanesian islands and a manifesto of a modernist anthropology. Malinowski argued that the objective of which the ethnographer should not lose sight is ‘to seize the native’s perspective, his relation to lifestyles, to understand his imaginative and prescient of his world.’ via bright evocations of Kula existence, together with the construction and launching of canoes, fishing expeditions and the position of fantasy and magic among the Kula humans, Malinowski brilliantly describes an inter-island process of alternate - from presents from father to son to swapping fish for yams - round which a complete group revolves. A vintage of anthropology that did a lot to set up the primacy of painstaking fieldwork over the sooner anecdotal reviews of trip writers, reporters and missionaries, it's a compelling perception right into a global now mostly misplaced from view. With a brand new foreword by way of Adam Kuper.
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Additional resources for Argonauts of the Western Pacific (Routledge Classics)
A new species may enter the ecosystem, or an as the Modern Synthesis) existing species may disappear. An existing species may itself evolve, is the current form of the becoming a more efficient predator or a harder-to-harvest prey. Each of theory, developed in the these changes, and others that can be imagined, may alter a population’s middle of the twentieth adaptive landscape, perhaps rendering a previously advantageous trait less century (Darwinism + beneficial or making a less advantageous trait more favorable.
45 selection) As described in the previous section, natural selection depends on four conditions. First, members of a species differ from one another (variation), and second, this variation is heritable (heritability). Third, all organisms produce more offspring than can survive (reproduction). 6 an anatomy, physiology, or behavior that best prepares them for the The history of demands of the prevailing environment (competition). Because of this evolutionary theory: notion of survivorship in a challenging environment, the principle of nat- It is useful to distinguish ural selection came to be known (inaccurately) as survival of the fittest, between evolution (which is the actual change in a even though Darwin did not use that term.
Living human diversity seen as part of the tree of hominid variation. The origin of modern humans located with particular fossils. Anagenetic polytypic evolution The development of the Modern Synthesis led to a recognition that variation within populations and species could occur, and that populations would be transformed gradually by selection. Emphasis was placed on continuous variation, gene flow, and progressive adaptive change. Living human diversity was part of a spectrum of variation. This model was gradually transformed into the mulitregional model as a means of accounting for spatio-temporal patterns within a population genetics framework.