By Vernon White
During this booklet Vernon White units out to handle the trouble of credibility that more and more has affected conventional claims made for the Atonement, and makes an attempt to give an explanation for how the lifestyles, dying, and resurrection of Jesus Christ may have a common saving value. the current paintings stands as anything of a sequel to the author's past e-book the autumn of a Sparrow, which tried to teach how God should be conceived as being universally and in particular energetic on the planet. during this research, White concentrates at the saving nature of that task, and the coherence which he feels emerges if this can be grounded within the particularity of the Christ-event. In protecting the constitutive nature of Christ's function within the salvation of the realm, with out hoping on Anselmian or penal substitutionary versions of atonement, White proposes an atonement version that can rehabilitate one of these trust with no offending ethical and conceptual sensibilities. A helping bankruptcy is supplied outlining the type of christology required to maintain this version, whereas the ultimate chapters of the publication speak about the moral implications of the location followed.
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Additional info for Atonement and Incarnation: An Essay in Universalism and Particularity
In a recent and very rigorous study of his Christology the point is forcefully made that Rahner is caught between the need to find general criteria of significance for salvation (accessible to all), and the desire to maintain the constitutive necessity of the particular Jesus Christ. It leads him 'in some contexts... to say that we not only need not but cannot know ourselves to be oriented towards an absolute saviour except in connection with explicit faith in Jesus Christ'. In other contexts, for example when he is arguing for an anonymous Christianity, he seems to say that 'we can grasp and affirm ("pre-thematically", but consciously) this orientation apart from any explicit knowledge of Jesus Christ'.
Thus we must shortly turn to this major positive task, of sketching out an atonement model which adequately conveys the constitutivist claim, while resisting the cumulative pressures against it, which is the task of chapter 5. Before turning to this task in detail, however, it may be helpful first to offer here a basic summary of what will be proposed and then in the next chapter to take note of two more recent contributions to the debate which help push our thoughts in the same direction. The heart of the model to be proposed rests on what might be called the criterion of moral authenticity, and goes something like this: unless and until God himself has experienced suffering, death, and the temptation to sin, and overcome them, as a human individual, he has no moral authority to overcome them in and with the rest of humanity.
These are the familiar questions to which I have already alluded: how do we conceive the inclusion of all humanity in Christ? And why is there not more empirical evidence of this reconciling power now, visible in all (or at least some) humanity? In the first area Gunton takes us just a little further. He refers to the doctrine ofenhypostasia, which 'teaches that the humanity 46 A T O N E M E N T A N D INCARNATION ofJesus takes its particular character from the fact that it is the humanity of the eternal Word'.