By David Howe, Marion Brandon, Diana Hinings, Gillian Schofield
Fresh advances in our figuring out of kid's social improvement have very important implications for perform within the fields of kid welfare, maltreatment, kinfolk help, adoption, residential and foster care. yet they've got no longer hitherto been systematically explored. This groundbreaking ebook constitutes the 1st transparent and clinically invaluable precis.
partially I, integrating significant examine findings and interesting theoretical advancements, the authors introduce the fundamental styles of attachment around the lifestyles span.
partly II, they concentrate on functions. Their precise description of a convention and review version for paintings with young ones and households leads practitioners step-by-step in the course of the key levels of knowledge amassing, research and overview, formula of goals, and techniques of intervention. The version is then used to help a number methods to aid.
all through, interesting case fabric, courting histories, and interview transcripts illustrate either concept and perform. The e-book might be a useful source for all these operating with youngsters in need.
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Additional resources for Attachment Theory, Child Maltreatment and Family Support: A Practice and Assessment Model
In a meta-analysis of over 2,000 AAI carried out in the course of 33 studies, van IJzendoorn and Bakermans-Kranenburg (1996) found the following four-way coding distributions for non-clinical populations of mothers and fathers: Mothers Secure (F) Dismissing (Ds) Preoccupied-entangled (E) Unresolved (U) 55% 16% 9% 19% Attachment Theory, Child Maltreatment and Family Support 40 Fathers Secure (F) Dismissing (Ds) Preoccupied-entangled (E) Unresolved (U) 57% 15% 11% 17% In 1987, Hazan and Shaver developed a self-report (rather than the AAI, which is a form of clinical interview) measure for classifying adult attachments.
Thus, says George (1996: 414): Understanding attachment theory 29 Whether guided by primary or secondary strategies, secure, avoidant and ambivalent infants have developed a set of coherent and organized rules based on experience that predict and guide their future behaviour. Bowlby ... stressed that as long as the representational system is organized, individuals are capable of maintaining functional relationships with others. The important point to be made here is that despite their anxiety, avoidant and ambivalent infants have been able to adapt to their parents and select, evaluate and modify their behaviour in a manner that allows them to achieve proximity and contact when needed.
Thus, the combination of receiving sensitive, attuned responses from others that help in the reduction of arousal, and the growing understanding of what affects one's own emotional states, enables children to regulate their own affect. Within secure relationship patterns, both the self and other people are viewed positively. In exploration, children can rely on themselves but tum to others when the need arises. The result of such experiences and the expectations they create is that self-esteem and self-efficacy will be high.