By Jonathan Oates
Generations of Londoners from Roman instances to the current day have faced typical and man-made threats to their urban. failures, rebellions, riots, acts of terror and conflict have marked the lengthy background of the capital - and feature formed the nature of its humans. during this evocative account Jonathan Oates recollects in shiny element the perils Londoners have confronted and describes how they coped with them. Jack Cade's uprising and the Gordon Riots, the good Plague and the nice fireplace, Zeppelin raids, the Blitz, terrorist bombings - those are only the various awesome dangers that experience torn the material of the town and wrecked the lives of such a lot of of its population. This gripping narrative offers a desirable perception into the tragic historical past of the town and it unearths a lot in regards to the altering attitudes of Londoners over the centuries.
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Additional info for ATTACK ON LONDON: Disaster, Riot and War
In the event, Evelyn spent most of the war abroad, with the King’s permission. But a brief trip to London in 1643 left him dismayed: I saw the furious and zealous people demolish that stately cross in Cheapside. 22 Londoners’ responses were never put to the test in the Civil War after 1642, as Parliament maintained control throughout and no Royalist force ever came within striking distance. It is difficult to tell how Londoners would have reacted to a major assault. There was some enthusiasm for the construction of defences, but there were others who did not share that zeal.
The new king, Richard II (1377—1399), was only ten years old on his accession. Their troubles were not at an end. A number of poll taxes had been levied in England in the new king’s reign. These were charged per head of population, in order to help finance the ongoing war in France. However, the tax of 1381 was the last straw, especially as it was set at one shilling per person: treble the previous rate. Attempts at enforcement sparked off the revolt. Added to this was the concern about French raids on the coastal towns and hostility to political mismanagement and criticism of the Established Church.
Second, it deprived him of the military muscle as represented by the Tower of London and the city’s Trained Bands. Finally, London was the wealthiest city in Britain and the one which, through its great trade, produced more income than any other. Of course, the great military victories of Parliament’s armies at Marston Moor in 1644 and Naseby in 1645 were also decisive. Yet without the military power and money supplied by London, these could not have been possible. The possession of London was thus of great importance in deciding victory in the Civil War.