Download Bandit Nation: A History of Outlaws and Cultural Struggle in by Chris Frazer PDF

By Chris Frazer

Tales approximately postcolonial bandits in Mexico have circulated because the second Mexico gained its independence. Narratives have seemed or been mentioned in a large choice of kinds: novels, memoirs, trip debts, newspaper articles, the picture arts, social technology literature, video clips, ballads, and historic monographs. throughout the a long time among independence and the Mexican Revolution, bandit narratives have been vital to the wider nationwide and sophistication struggles among Mexicans and foreigners about the definition and construction of the Mexican nation-state.Bandit kingdom is the 1st entire research of the cultural effect that banditry had on Mexico from the time of its independence to the Mexican Revolution. Chris Frazer makes a speciality of the character and function of overseas shuttle debts, novels, and well known ballads, often called corridos, to research how and why Mexicans and Anglo-Saxon tourists created and used photos of banditry to steer kingdom formation, hegemony, and nationwide id. Narratives approximately banditry are associated with a social and political debate approximately “mexican-ness” and the character of justice. even supposing thought of a relic of the previous, the Mexican bandit maintains to forged an extended shadow over the current, within the kind of narco-traffickers, taxicab hijackers, and Zapatista guerrillas. Bandit state is a crucial contribution to the cultural and the final histories of postcolonial Mexico.

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Extra resources for Bandit Nation: A History of Outlaws and Cultural Struggle in Mexico, 1810-1920

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The largest proportion of women convicts were married (44 percent), but most had no husband: 37 percent were single, while 19 percent were widows. A majority (71 percent) were between twenty and forty years old. Eighty-one percent of women were illiterate. Finally, the vast majority of women offenders (96 percent) were considered sin oficio (without an occupation). Only three had recognized employment: a midwife, a washerwoman, and a seamstress. 43 The figures confirmed that midcentury rates of banditry were high in relation to other crimes and that banditry was very common in central and north-central Mexico.

The main difference was that a significant number of lower-class men opted for banditry. In the absence of more concrete evidence, such as the transcripts of court trials, why they did is a matter of educated guessing. Whatever future research may reveal, the profiles of these bandits are suggestive for those who argue for environmental explanations. ”50 This conforms to the analysis of midcentury liberals, who offered explanations that focused on poor upbringing, poverty, and political instability.

In practice, this meant that the legal system distributed punishments unequally. The courts punished lower-class convicts, mainly mestizos and other castas (mixed races), with incarceration, death by hanging, and corporal punishment such as torture, whipping, mutilation, and amputation. On the other hand, persons of wealth and nobility could expect special consideration and lighter punishments, while those who enjoyed corporate privileges—military officers, clerics, and indigenous people—were exempt from the jurisdiction of the regular courts.

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