By Douglas Flamming
Paul Bontemps determined to maneuver his relatives to l. a. from Louisiana in 1906 at the day he ultimately submitted to a strictly enforced Southern custom--he stepped off the sidewalk to permit white males who had simply insulted him to go by means of. neighbors of the Bontemps kinfolk, like many others beckoning their family West, had written that l. a. was once "a urban known as heaven" for individuals of colour. yet simply how unfastened used to be Southern California for African americans? This ideal historical past, immediately sweeping in its old succeed in and intimate in its evocation of lifestyle, is the 1st complete account of Los Angeles's black group within the part century sooner than international conflict II. choked with relocating human drama, it brings alive a time and position principally missed by means of historians before, detailing African American group lifestyles and political activism in the course of the city's transformation from small city to sprawling city. Writing with a novelist's sensitivity to language and drawing from clean historic examine, Douglas Flamming takes us from Reconstruction to the Jim Crow period, during the nice Migration, the Roaring Twenties, the good melancholy, and the build-up to international struggle II. alongside the best way, he deals wealthy descriptions of the group and its middle-class management, the ladies who have been entrance and heart with males within the conflict opposed to racism within the American West. as well as drawing a brilliant portrait of a little-known period, Flamming exhibits that the historical past of race in la is important for our knowing of race in the USA. The civil rights activism in l. a. laid the basis for serious advancements within the moment 1/2 the century that proceed to steer us to this present day.
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Additional resources for Bound for Freedom: Black Los Angeles in Jim Crow America (George Gund Foundation Imprint in African American Studies)
Indeed, he had truly discovered a land where he, too, might make for himself a place in its warm sun. baxter scruggs, A Man in Our Community Arrival On September 10, 1910, Charlotta A. Spear rode into town on a train. No one met her at the Southern Paciﬁc depot. She was just another sickly easterner who had come to Los Angeles seeking sunshine. She came from Providence, Rhode Island, a lone woman on a long, exhausting trip. The Pullman car porters—the black attendants who staffed the nation’s passenger trains—must have wondered about her.
Her autobiography, written after a half century of highly public political activism in Los Angeles, reveals virtually nothing about her early years. Historians still know very little about her life before she reached Los Arrival 19 Angeles, and much of what has been written, and what can be found in public records, amounts to contradictory tidbits. Depending on the source one examines, Charlotta was born in South Carolina, or maybe Rhode Island, or maybe Ohio. She was born in 1874, 1880, 1882, 1884, or 1890.
White Democrats probably did fear him, because he was everything they insisted blacks could never be—highly intelligent, politically astute, unmistakably urbane. Easton’s complexion was virtually white, and he could have passed as white, but he embraced his African lineage and fought for black civil rights. Gradually his star began to rise in the Republican Party. In the 1880s he was elected commissioner of Fort Bend County, served as a political linchpin in Houston, became secretary of the state’s Executive Committee for the Republican Party, and moved to Austin, where he chaired the county Executive Committee.