Download Carbon Chemistry (Essential Chemistry) by Krista West PDF

By Krista West

Krista West describes how carbon is a vital point for all times in the world, the way it is located in lifestyle, and what's being performed to offset the elevated carbon emissions.

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A BASIC CHEMICAL REACTION A chemical reaction is the process of changing one chemical substance into another. Chemical reactions begin with one set of substances and end with another set of substances. In the course of a chemical reaction, some chemical bonds are broken and others are formed. The substances at the beginning of the reaction are called the reactants, while the new substance or substances created by the reaction is called the product. Chemists write the reactants and products as chemical equations.

This excess oxygen in the atmosphere is counterbalanced by the buried carbon, organic matter in sediments, and in fossil fuels. With time, some of this carbon-containing material in sediments is exposed by erosion, weathering, and other natural processes. Large amounts of the carbon-containing materials are exposed by human activities, such as mining coal and digging oil wells. Whenever coal and oil are burned, the carbon dioxide is added back to the air and this tends toward restoring the photosynthesis/respiration balance.

Some of it may be buried in sediments and, over long periods of time, converted to fossil fuels. The burial and conversion of carbon compounds to fossil fuels upsets the balance between photosynthesis and respiration because these processes remove the carbon from the cycle for such long periods of time. 3 Plankton are microscopic plants and animals that drift in bodies of water. There are many different forms of plankton. Plankton are the first link in many food chains. organisms sink to the ocean floor and are converted to limestone by the pressure of overlying sediments.

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