By David P. Wright
So much students think that the various similarities among the Covenant Code (Exodus 20:23-23:19) and Mesopotamian legislation collections, specifically the legislation of Hammurabi, which date to round 1750 BCE, are because of oral culture that prolonged from the second one to the 1st millennium. This ebook deals a essentially new knowing of the Covenant Code, arguing that it relies without delay and basically upon the legislation of Hammurabi and that using this resource textual content happened in the course of the Neo-Assyrian interval, someday among 740-640 BCE, while Mesopotamia exerted powerful and non-stop political and cultural impact over the kingdoms of Israel and Judah and a time while the legislation of Hammurabi have been actively copied in Mesopotamia as a literary-canonical textual content. The learn deals major new facts demonstrating version of literary dependence is the single achievable reason for the paintings. It extra examines the compositional good judgment utilized in reworking the resource textual content to supply the Covenant Code, hence delivering a statement to the biblical composition from the hot theoretical standpoint. This research exhibits that the Covenant Code is essentially an artistic educational paintings instead of a repository of legislation practiced by means of Israelites or Judeans over the process their heritage. The Covenant Code, too, is an ideological paintings, which remodeled a paradigmatic and prestigious criminal textual content of Israel's and Judah's imperial overlords right into a assertion symbolically countering overseas hegemony. The examine is going extra to check the connection of the Covenant Code to the narrative of the ebook of Exodus and explores how this can relate to the improvement of the Pentateuch as an entire.
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