By Andrea Lavazza, Howard Robinson
Ontological materialism, in its a variety of kinds, has turn into the orthodox view in modern philosophy of brain. This ebook presents quite a few defenses of mind-body dualism, and exhibits (explicitly or implicitly) thoroughgoing ontological materialism can't be sustained. The contributions are intended to teach that, not less than, ontological dualism (as contrasted with a dualism that's in simple terms linguistic or epistemic) constitutes a philosophically first rate substitute to the monistic perspectives that at the moment dominate thought of the mind-body (or, probably extra correctly, person-body) relation.
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Extra resources for Contemporary Dualism: A Defense
The Argument The assumption of the identity of the mind/brain and its contingency, which arises from rigorous physicalism and neo-Darwinian evolutionism, can have various consequences, but it does not imply, in and of itself, a revision in philosophical practise. But let us now consider the thought experiments that involve epistemic and modal concepts, along with what prevalently happens in thought experiments that involve the mind and its contents. Many such experiments depict a scenario in which the assumed condition is characterised by necessity; that is, by the fact that their propositions are valid in all possible worlds.
This suggests that visual illusions have carriers that do not go away even if the false beliefs that, initially, attend on the illusions do go away. There must be entities that transport these illusions. And indeed we do not have to look far for those entities: the carrier-entities for visual illusions are our visual experiences (note the plural) themselves. Thus we have: There are visual experiences in which completely physical objects do not appear as they really are. What kind of entity is a visual experience?
28. Cf. Meixner (2010). 29. By “point in space” I do not here mean a geometrical point. I mean a very small region of space. One might consider replacing “point” by “spot”. 30. The atoms are relatively few because P is a very small spatial region. Due to the relatively small number of atoms in P, the degree of complexity that can be attained by their arrangements is also relatively small. 31. I am causally responsible, in the end, for (the event of) the pulling of the trigger. It follows that I am a non-abstract individual (cf.