By Pierluigi Barrotta, Marcelo Dascal
This collective quantity makes a speciality of heavily hooked up matters whose universal denominator is the embattled suggestion of the topic. the 1st matters the controversies at the nature of the topic and similar notions, akin to the thoughts of ‘I’ and ‘self’. From either theoretical and historic viewpoints, numerous of the members express how assorted and incompatible views at the topic will help us comprehend today’s international, its conduct, kind, energy kin, and attitudes. For this objective, use is made from insights in a vast variety of disciplines, resembling sociology, psychoanalysis, pragmatics, highbrow historical past, and anthropology. This interdisciplinary method is helping to elucidate the multifaceted personality of the topic and the function it performs these days in addition to over the centuries.
The moment factor issues the topic in inter-personal in addition to in intra-personal controversies. The enquiry the following makes a speciality of the ways that varied features of the topic and subjective adjustments have an effect on the behavior, content material, and rationality of controversies with others in addition to inside of oneself on various issues. between such facets, the participants examine the subject’s feelings, cognitive states, argumentative practices, and person and collective identification. The interplay among the 2 concerns, the controversies at the topic and the topic of controversies, sheds new gentle at the debate on modernity and its alleged quandary.
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Additional info for Controversies and Subjectivity
Dissonance is, thus, an inconsistency within an individual’s set of cognitions in a given domain. It is more rigorously defined as follows: two “elements of cognition” x and y are dissonant if not-x follows from y (p. 13). One should not be misled, however, by the formal character of this definition. Festinger himself points out that he introduced the term ‘dissonance’ instead of ‘inconsistency’ because the former “has less of a logical connotation” (p. 2), and stresses that ‘follows from’ should not be invariably interpreted as a strict logical relation (p.
Another Jansenist thinker, Pascal, whose influence upon Nicole is noticeable, was also concerned with the inner battle between the ‘lower’ and the ‘higher’ parts of the soul. I want to single out here his attack on the ‘imagination’ as a key factor in this battle, because of the particularly insidious character he attributes to it. In a well-known section of the Pensées,4 Pascal describes the deceptive activity of the imagination as follows: It is this deceptive part of man, this master of error and falsity, and the more perfidious because it is not always so; for it would have been an infallible rule of truth if it were an infallible rule of lie.
Drawing the reader’s attention to even earlier times, Adelino Cattani (Chapter 8) links them to present day debates about subjectivism vs. objectivism, as manifest in attitudes vis-à-vis the phenomenon of controversy. The starting point, as well as the axis of his considerations, is Protagoras’ famous two-logoi saying: “On every issue there are two arguments opposed to each other”. Cattani appropriately quotes this in Greek, for any of the many translations implies either a subjectivist or an objectivist reading, depending on whether the phrase perì pantòs prágmatos is translated “on every subject matter (issue, question)” or “on every object (thing, reality)”.