By David Reisman
Anthony Crosland, a member of Harold Wilson's cupboard and the writer of the way forward for Socialism, used to be immensely influential in looking to modernise the ideology of the Labour celebration, to place chance and empowerment, the equity of existence possibilities and the sharing of social studies at its centre in preference to nationalisation. The party's belated redefinition promises a admired function in its highbrow background to the revisionists' champion. although Crosland wrote while financial progress should be taken with no consideration because the foundation for social reform, his emphasis on equity and neighborhood, on schooling and chance, keeps to light up political debate in more durable instances.
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Extra info for Crosland's Future: Opportunity and Outcome
Private ownership can be a cause of conflict, Laurat concluded - but so can power without property in the post-capitalist economy. In common with Laurat, Bernstein had argued that the rise of the jointstock company was an economic development of such significance as to necessitate a sympathetic up-dating of the classic Marxian hypotheses. Bernstein was particularly struck by the evolving transcendence of the capital - labour dialectic in consequence of the increasing dispersion of share-ownership: 'The number of shareholders and the average amount of their holding of shares has been of rapid growth.
The bankers generally prefer corporate debt to titles of ownership that are of uncertain liquidity. '35 Managers play the active role: that fact alone renders obsolete the Marxian theory of conflict which pits the authority of the capitalist against the powerlessness of the worker. Nor should it be forgotten that the newstyle goals of the salaried executives make an independent contribution in their own right to the diminution of felt antagonisms as between the social classes. The owner-entrepreneur may reasonably be modelled as if committed to low wages and relative shares.
17 The professional agitators lead the alienated proletariat. '18 The revolution made, the proletariat rescued, the vanguard continues its practice of leadership by managing the transition. Marx in the Critique of the Gotha Programme had indicated Crosland and Marx 31 that a new form of government would precede the ultimate disappearance of the State: 'Between capitalist and communist society lies the period of the revolutionary transformation of the one into the other. '20 Marx himself never said precisely how the revolutionary dictatorship was to organise its affairs in the period of transition.