By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember
With no ethnography, cross-cultural comparability wouldn't be attainable. yet with out cross-cultural comparability, we'd understand not anything of what should be common or variable throughout human cultures, or why version exists.
Cross-Cultural examine equipment is an introductory educating device that exhibits scholars and strength researchers the way to describe, evaluate, and learn styles that take place in several cultures, that's, tips on how to shape and try anthropological, sociological, mental, clinical, or political hypotheses approximately cultural version.
Read or Download Cross-Cultural Research Methods PDF
Similar anthropology books
Past Human investigates what it potential to name ourselves humans with regards to either our far-off earlier and our attainable futures as a species, and the questions this may elevate for our dating with the myriad species with which we percentage the planet. Drawing on insights from zoology, theology, cultural reports and aesthetics, a global line-up of individuals discover such subject matters as our origins as mirrored in early cave paintings within the higher Palaeolithic via to our customers on the leading edge of latest biotechnology.
John Muir was once an early proponent of a view we nonetheless carry today—that a lot of California used to be pristine, untouched wasteland sooner than the coming of Europeans. yet as this groundbreaking publication demonstrates, what Muir used to be rather seeing while he well-liked the grand vistas of Yosemite and the gold and red plant life carpeting the valuable Valley have been the fertile gardens of the Sierra Miwok and Valley Yokuts Indians, transformed and made efficient by means of centuries of harvesting, tilling, sowing, pruning, and burning.
The concept that of this quantity is that the paradigm of ecu nationwide languages (official orthography; language standardization; complete use of language in such a lot daily contexts) is imposed in cookie-cutter model on such a lot language revitalization efforts of local American languages. whereas this version matches the sovereign prestige of many local American teams, it doesn't meet the linguistic ideology of local American groups, and creates tasks and items that don't have interaction the groups which they're meant to serve.
- Empires of Vision: A Reader (Objects/Histories)
- High Frontiers
- Explorations in Applied Linguistics
- Natural Resource Extraction and Indigenous Livelihoods
- Ishi's Brain: In Search of Americas Last "Wild" Indian
- Carnival: Culture in Action -- The Trinidad Experience (Worlds of Performance)
Additional resources for Cross-Cultural Research Methods
One researcher might want to measure the average monetary equivalent of goods and services produced by the average adult in a day. But this measure would be meaningless in relatively noncommercial societies because much of production is not for sale; adults mostly produce food and other things for direct use by themselves and their families. A more widely applicable measure of productivity would reflect noncommercial as well as commercial production. Indeed, not all economic output can be measured in monetary terms, even in a society with buying and selling.
Ember (1975) finds that the relationship between a male-dominated division of labor and patrilocal residence did hold for hunter-gatherers; hence the frequent occurrence of hunter-gatherers in North America (cf. ) may account for the statistically significant relationship between a male-dominant division of labor and patrilocal residence in North America. Fred Eggan (1954) advocates small-scale regional comparisons, which he calls “controlled comparisons,” because he thought they would make it easier to rule out the possible effects of similarity in history, geography, and language.
Examples are: Is there a relationship between type of marriage and level of fertility? Is more war associated with more socialization for aggression in children? Do huntergatherers share food more often than food producers? Are males more aggressive than females? Question types 2 through 4 are relational questions. That is, they ask how traits are related to other traits. 1 diagrams the different types of relational questions. Causality is diagrammed with an arrow. 1. Types of relational questions the direction of causality.