By S. Gaukroger, John Schuster, John Sutton
Книга Descartes' traditional Philosophy Descartes' typical Philosophy Книги Психология, философия Автор: S. Gaukroger Год издания: 2000 Формат: pdf Издат.:Routledge Страниц: 776 Размер: 6,1 ISBN: 0415219930 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Possibly the main complete choice of essays on Descartes' clinical writings ever released, this quantity deals an in depth reassessment of his medical paintings and its pertaining to his philosophy. The 35 essays, written via the various world's prime students, hide issues as assorted as optics, cosmology and drugs. the gathering seems at Descartes' paintings within the sciences as a side of his natural-philosophical time table and discusses: the crucial position of drugs in Descartes' total venture; the connections among his investigations of particular mental capacities and his ethics of self-government; and the debates and controversies into which he had his fans have been drawn, and their function in shaping Cartesian ordinary philosophy; and different issues.Contributors: Peter Anstey, Jean-Robert Armogathe, Gordon Baker, David Behan, Annie Bitbol-Hespйriès, Desmond Clarke, Betsy Decyk, Dennis Des Chene, Vйronique Fóti, Daniel Garber, Stephen Gaukroger, PeterHarrison, Gary Hatfield, Trevor McClaughlin, Peter McLaughlin, Katherine Morris, Alberto Guillermo, Timothy Reiss, Peter Schouls, John Schuster, Dennis Sepper, Peter Slezak, John Sutton, Yashiko Tomida, Klaas van Berkel, Theo Verbeek, Catherine Wilson, Celia Wolf-Devine, John Wright, John Yolton.
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Extra info for Descartes' Natural Philosophy
In the Principia, where substance and mode play the roles of substance and accident, there can be no mode which is not actually predicable of a substance; conversely, whatever is not actually predicated of a substance must itself be a substance. The very idea of a thing that, though ‘suited, according to the ordinary law of nature’ to inhere in another, in fact does not, is incoherent. 36 Given the dedicated attempts of Suárez, the Coimbrans, Fonseca and many others to do what Descartes says cannot be done, the remark must have taken aback some of his contemporaries.
The re-evaluations do not swing to the opposing pole by following La Mettrie’s claim that Descartes was a closet materialist. Instead, in one way or another exploring Descartes’ insistence on the theoretical and practical importance of the union of mind and body, they agree in stressing his rejection of the Platonic or angelist version of dualism in which the soul is merely lodged in the body as a pilot in a ship. On the other hand, as we have seen, the revisionary perspectives on the natural philosophy of the body in this volume challenge the claims about Descartes’ evisceration and disenchantment of nature in a number of ways.
First, the primary argument for (ii) (and, according to the Coimbrans, also for (iv), though I do not see exactly how) consists in noting that God can bring it about that an accident should exist extra subjectum. This they do not prove until the next question. The rest of the argument is that if it is not incoherent to suppose that an accident can exist outside any subject, then it is not incoherent either to suppose that it can exist in another subject. (I am reminded here, unfortunately, of the Red Queen, who could believe six impossible things before breakfast.