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By Heiner F. Klemme, Manfred Kuehn

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers is an important reference paintings that includes these eighteenth-century German philosophers, students, jurists, literary critics, historians and others whose paintings has lasting philosophical importance. The century lined within the Dictionary was once one among profoundly cutting edge philosophical research, in which enlightenment pondering arrived in Germany and lots of proven conceits have been challenged. This job is roofed right here in additional than 650 alphabetical entries. each one discusses a selected philosopher’s lifestyles, contributions to the area of idea, and later impacts. Entries additionally contain bibliographical references to inspire extra reading.

In addition to the well known German philosophers of that era—for example, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Hegel, and George Wilhelm—the Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers offers infrequent perception into the lives and minds of lesser-known people who prompted the form of philosophy. as the Dictionary is exclusive in its extensive view of what constitutes philosophy, it's a worthwhile source for evaluating notions and practices between German thinkers of that period.

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Klemme and Manfred Kuehn Publisher: Continuum Published to Oxford Reference: 2011 eISBN: 9780199797097 Print Publication Date: 2010 Current Online Version: 2012 How to use The Dictionary The Dictionary contains entries on approximately 660 German philosophers, theologians, jurists, educators, literary critics, doctors, historians and others whose work has philosophical significance. They lived and wrote in the eighteenth century, covering the period between 1701 and 1801. The title of each entry gives the subject's name and dates of birth and death.

There is no clear definition of ‘German philosopher’ or ‘German philosophy’ – especially during the eighteenth century. First, the inhabitants of the many dozens of German principalities and free cities considered themselves first and foremost as Prussians, Saxons, Hanoverians, Hessians, Westphalians or as Bavarians of some sort or other, to name just a few. They might have viewed themselves primarily as Protestants or Catholics rather than Germans. Since the borders of the many German states and principalities do not coincide with the present borders of Germany, the Dictionary also includes authors who were born or lived in what is today France (Mülhausen/Mulhouse, Straßburg/Strasbourg), Poland (Breslau/Wrocław, Danzig/Gdańsk, and so on) or Russia (Königsberg/Kaliningrad).

In addition, it includes philosophically minded or philosophically relevant jurists, pedagogues, literary critics, medical doctors, historians and others. Since German philosophy cannot be understood without the influence of French and English philosophers, it also includes some translators and editors. We have preferred to err on the side of inclusion rather than on the side of exclusion. This is especially true with regard to theology. Since theology and philosophy were closely, if sometimes just superficially, connected in eighteenth-century Germany – much more closely, in any case, than in Britain, for instance – the Dictionary includes many theologians.

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