By Richard Rose
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Lowe the current e-book to the encouragement and information of my buddies, for which i'm moSll: indebted to them. this is applicable within the first position to Dr. P. Middelkoop, who labored in Timor for greater than thirty years as a missionary and bible translator. My gratitude for the entire aid he has given can infrequently be expressed in phrases, and that i can do not more than easily say that this ebook is to a wide quantity additionally his booklet - the writing of it could actually now not were finished with no his valued counsel.
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Additional info for Do Parties Make a Difference?
4), that is, virtually the whole of the electorate except for the relatively few with large sums of capital. Moreover, the Labour Party has never succeeded in creating a working-class consensus in support of its policies and candidates. Because Labour draws the vote of only half the working class, it is not the party of manual workers but a party drawing most of its vote from the working class. The same is also true of such minorities as the Communists and the National Front. 2). Overall, the social composition of the Conservative and Labour vote tends to reduce the potential for Adversary class politics.
39 DO PARTIES MAKE A DIFFERENCE? TABLE The Policy Preferences of Partisans during the 1979 Election 3·3 Policy Heavier sentences for violence and vandalism Conservatives Agree Disagree 0/o % Labour Agree Disagree % % 95 2 91 5 85 7 79 10 17 73 20 65 7 80 14 52 80 8 41 32 76 10 45 30 13 65 29 29 66 19 40 45 42 46 58 30 60 29 31 55 (CONSENSUS) Compulsory secret ballots in unions before strike (CONSENSUS} Stop sales of council houses to occupants (CONSENSUS) Nationalize the banks (CONSENSUS) Bring back grammar schools (CONSENSUAL) Abolish closed shops (CONSENSUAL) Abolish the House of Lords (CONSENSUAL) Encourage more private medicine alongside the Health Service (DISAGREE) Take Britain out of Common Market (DISAGREE) Stop social security payments to strikers' families (ADVERSARY) NoTE: Agree answers combine those strongly and slightly in favour; disagree answers, those slightly or strongly opposed; total answers do not add to roo percent because of the exclusion of don't knows.
3 The second strategy posits that the opposition should use its time out of office to reflect upon past mistakes and prepare plans for future achievements in office. By acting as an alternative government, a party might make a positive impression on the electorate, and also be well prepared for the challenge of office. The first strategy may sometimes be described as "irresponsible" opposition, and the latter as "too responsible" opposition. There is a pragmatic, even responsible case for acting as an "irresponsible" opposition.