By Reuel R. Hanks
How did the Greek geographer Eratosthenes make a correct calculation of the earth's situation greater than 1,500 years prior to the 1st voyage of Columbus to the recent global? What are the "green belts" of britain that dominate its rural panorama? and what's considered as the driest continent at the planet?This guide deals a large assurance of terminology and ideas, serving as either an encyclopedic dictionary of geography phrases and an approachable assessment to the human and actual features of worldwide geography. nearly a hundred and fifty geographic phrases and ideas are outlined and mentioned, supplying an available reference for someone who calls for a deeper wisdom of the language and concepts which are very important to geography as a self-discipline. precious sidebars are supplied to make clear strange or debatable theories and ideas. All significant geographic thoughts and phrases are addressed and comprehensively defined utilizing examples.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Geography Terms, Themes, and Concepts
From physics, the Gas Law (Equation of State) holds that temperature, pressure, and density are interrelated. As air is heated and cooled, its density can change dramatically. In this regard, air is usually considered in small, discrete pieces known as air parcels. Air parcels are useful constructs with which to consider the thermodynamic properties of air. A few meters across, an air parcel has consistency of temperature, pressure, and density within and is compared to the air around it (known as the environmental air).
Low-level inversions are common overnight via radiational cooling during regionally quiet weather and higher inversion layers relate to the descent of air from aloft, especially associated with the subtropical highs. Whatever their root causes, inversions act as lids on weather, preventing significant upward mixing. Stagnant air and high pollution levels are associated with locations that have frequent inversions. 23 This page intentionally left blank B Balkanization The breakup or division of a region or nation-state into smaller political, ethnic, or religious units, often who share strong mutual animosities.
Although biomes usually grade gradually from one to another, small-scale biome maps such as that shown below give the misimpression that there are sharp boundaries. Horizontally, biomes usually grade into each other. For instance, the Sahel—the semiarid zone south of the Sahara—contains the transition between the desert and the tropical savanna biomes. In the southern Sahel there is greater biomass with grasses and shrubs found more plentifully than in the northern Sahel, where there is sparse biomass emblematic of the Sahara.