By Stephen Satris (auth.)
The basic contributions of this paintings are in 3 overlapping different types: (i) the heritage of rules (and specifically the historical past of the belief of price) and ethical philosophy in either continental and Anglo-American traditions, (ii) the id and interpretation of moral emotivism as one of many significant twentieth-century moral theories, and (iii) the evolution of a philosophically doable type of moral emotivism as a substitute to utilitarianism and Kantianism. furthermore, alongside the way in which, many specific issues are touched upon, e. g. , the relation of Hume to Stevenson and emotivism, the facti price contrast, and human emotional and social nature. The paintings starts off through hard the acquired account of the advance of twentieth-century ethical philosophy, i. e. , the account that happens in all of the well-known historic books (such as G. c. Kerner, The Revolution in moral idea, Oxford, 1966; G. 1. Warnock, modern ethical Philosophy, London, 1967; W. D. Hudson, sleek ethical Philosophy, London, 1967; Mary Warnock, Ethics due to the fact 1900, third ed. , Oxford, 1978; and W. D. Hudson, A Century of ethical Philosophy, manhattan, 1980). This bought account is not just the valuables of students of the heritage of modern ethical philosophy yet can be in most cases assumed via philosophers themselves, and is repeated particularly uncritically within the literature at large.
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Moore]. He appeals to the fact that there is an immediate objectivity in the appreciation of beauty, or in the admiration of conduct. ' (EL, p. 33). Because they so present objects, emotive characterizations can immediately express and evoke attitudes toward those objects. It is not only through their social use that emotive terms are tied to attitudes, for such terms also playa role in immediate experience on the part of individuals. If this were not the case, then, contrary to Stevenson's view, attitudes would be generated only by social contagion or as the results of beliefs.
133. 21 GTV, p. 31 (Perry's emphasis); cf. Perry's own rema'rks about the directed ness and experienced objectivity of interest, GTV, pp. , 52, 115 ff. ATTITUDES, BELIEFS AND DISAGREEMENTS 35 object is conceived 'clothe' the object. It is not a matter of the subject experiencing his own attitudinal response as an object, or experiencing himself as having a certain attitude, although such forms of selfconsciousness are by no means ruled out. Stevenson presupposes that man's conative-affective capacities-including, for example, capacities to see and treat objects of experience as calling for or requiring certain responses-have a legitimate place in human experience, and in mental and active life.
II ATTITUDES, BELIEFS AND DISAGREEMENTS 1. Introductory It is the fundamental distinction between attitudes and beliefs (emotion and cognition) that underlies the emotivist distinction between disagreement in attitude and disagreement in belief, the distinction between emotive meaning and cognitive meaning, and all the theses that are based on these notions. The purpose of this chapter is to clarify this basic distinction and to give an account of the distinction between disagreement in attitude and disagreement in belief.