By Timothy Rice
Ethnomusicologists think that every one people, not only these we name musicians, are musical, and that musicality is likely one of the crucial touchstones of the human adventure. This perception increases significant questions on the character of track and the character of humankind, and ethnomusicologists argue that to correctly tackle those questions, we needs to learn track in all its geographical and old range. during this Very brief advent, one of many most desirable ethnomusicologists, Timothy Rice, deals a compact and illuminating account of this becoming self-discipline, displaying how sleek researchers move approximately learning song from worldwide, trying to find insights into either song and humanity. The reader discovers that ethnomusicologists at the present time not just research conventional varieties of music-such as eastern gagaku, Bulgarian folks track, Javanese gamelan, or local American drumming and singing-but additionally discover extra modern musical varieties, from rap and reggae to Tex-Mex, Serbian turbofolk, or even the piped-in song on the Mall of the US. to enquire those assorted musical kinds, Rice indicates, ethnomusicologists as a rule dwell in a neighborhood, perform and discover and list musical occasions, interview the musicians, their buyers, and the viewers, and learn how to sing, play, and dance. It's vital to set up rapport with musicians and group contributors, and acquire the permission of these they are going to paintings with heavily over the process many months and years. We see how the researcher analyzes the information to appreciate how a selected musical culture works, what's detailed approximately it, and the way it bears the non-public, social, and cultural meanings attributed to it. Rice additionally discusses how researchers may possibly follow theories from anthropology and different social sciences, to shed extra mild at the nature of track as a human habit and cultural perform. in regards to the sequence: Oxford's Very brief Introductions sequence bargains concise and unique introductions to quite a lot of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary concept to historical past, and Archaeology to the Bible. now not easily a textbook of definitions, every one quantity during this sequence offers trenchant and provocative--yet continuously balanced and complete--discussions of the significant concerns in a given self-discipline or box. each Very brief creation supplies a readable evolution of the topic in query, demonstrating how the topic has constructed and the way it has motivated society. ultimately, the sequence will surround each significant educational self-discipline, providing all scholars an available and considerable reference library. regardless of the quarter of research that one deems very important or beautiful, regardless of the subject that fascinates the overall reader, the Very brief Introductions sequence has a convenient and reasonable consultant that would most probably turn out quintessential.
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Additional resources for Ethnomusicology: A Very Short Introduction
Deep-sea trawling by securely-capitalised companies was the New-foundland government’s preferred solution to the plight of its ‘outport’ communities after its confederation with Canada in 1949. These numerous small, isolated hamlets had been founded by the British sailors who ‘jumped ship’ from the sixteenth century onwards and who settled in the most inaccessible places they could find in order to evade recapture. Their economy was based on summer cod-fishing and subsistence cultivation. The cod was salted and marketed through companies which ensured the ongoing indebtedness of the fishermen whose families processed their catches.
Theoretical underpinnings 17 two decades, such attempts have regularly drawn their material from the computerised Ethnographic Atlas compiled by Murdock for precisely this kind of investigation. For some forty years before Malinowski entered the discipline, anthropologists had been collecting their own information from exotic places. But it is with Malinowski (rather than Miklouho-Maclay, or even Boas) that we associate the technique of ‘participant’ (as opposed to direct) observation, based on personal fluency in the language of the society concerned.
The only surprise about this change of attitude was that it had taken so long to occur, for in his study of the offshore fishery in the east coast state of Kelantan, Malaya, at the Marginalised economic activities in the world system 31 beginning of the second world war, Firth (1946) had arrived at a similar conclusion and made precisely such recommendations. Malayan fishermen, Muslims who for centuries had been linked into larger political entities and regional fish-trading networks stretching over a thousand miles, were part of a fully-monetised peasant economy.