By Anneli Albi
Within the wake of the EU's maximum growth, this booklet explores the variation of the constitutions of significant and japanese Europe (CEE) for club within the ecu Union. in keeping with the painful earlier, those new constitutions have been significantly closed to move of powers to foreign enterprises, and accorded a favourite prestige to sovereignty and independence. a bit greater than a decade later, the method of amending those provisions in view of the move of sovereign powers to a supranational association has proved a delicate and debatable workout.
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Extra resources for EU Enlargement and the Constitutions of Central and Eastern Europe
Secondly, there is the economic criterion, under which a country must be a functioning market economy, able to cope with competitive pressures and market forces within the EU. The third was a legal criterion, according to which the country must be able to take on the obligations of membership, that is harmonise its national law with more than 80,000 pages of the so-called acquis, the entire body of Community law. The possibility of accession was further defined in Article O of the Maastricht Treaty (TEU), which provides that ‘any European State may apply to become a member of the Union’.
65 et seq. 9 10 constitutional adaptations in ‘old’ member states Member States are available elsewhere,3 this chapter seeks to chart some overarching trends and developments. 4 Although the experience amongst the ‘old’ Member States is rather diverse, four broader models for accommodating EU integration in the national constitutions could be distinguished:5 r constitutions which contain an explicit provision on delegating pow- ers to the European Union and, in addition, have been comprehensively revised in respect of various specific aspects of EU membership (Germany, France, Austria, Portugal); r constitutions which contain an explicit provision on delegating powers to the European Union, and some other provisions concerning EU membership (Ireland, Sweden, Greece); r constitutions where EU membership has been accommodated under a broader clause on international organisations, but some amendments have been made concerning specific aspects of EU membership (Finland, Belgium, Italy, Spain); r constitutions that are silent on the European Union, accommodating its membership under provisions on international organisations (Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands).
139. Chirico, La soveranita monetaria, p. 144. 16 constitutional adaptations in ‘old’ member states occasions, in 1992 and 1997. 16 In Greece, article 80(2) provides that the law regulates the regime of currency emission. As part of the 2001 package of amendments, a clause was added, which provides that this paragraph does not obstruct the participation of Greece in Economic and Monetary Union. Notwithstanding similar debates in other EMU states, no specific steps to legitimise membership of EMU have been undertaken.