By John T. Romeo, Ragal Ibrahim, Luc Varin and Vincenzo De Luca (Eds.)
The prior decade has noticeable significant advances within the cloning of genes encoding enzymes of plant secondary metabolism. This has been additional greater by means of the new undertaking at the sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome. those advancements give you the molecular genetic foundation to handle the query of the Evolution of Metabolic Pathways . This quantity presents in-depth stories of our present wisdom at the evolutionary foundation of plant secondary metabolites and the enzymes thinking about their biosynthesis. The chapters hide 5 significant themes: 1. position of secondary metabolites in evolution; 2. Evolutionary origins of polyketides and terpenes; three. Roles of oxidative reactions within the evolution of secondary metabolism; four. Evolutionary foundation of substitution reactions: acylation, glycosylation and methylation; and five. Biochemistry and molecular biology of brassinosteroids.
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Extra info for Evolution of Metabolic Pathways
CHAPPELL, J. , 1997. Structural basis for cyclic terpene biosynthesis by tobacco 5-epi-aristolochene synthase. 7. B. JARVIS Science 277: 1815-1820. 20. LESBURG, C. , 1997. Crystal structure of pentalenene synthase" mechanistic insights on terpenoid cyclization reaction in biology. Science 277:1820-1824. 21. D. 1997. Creating isoprenoid diversity. Science 277: 1788-1789. 22. ROHMER, M. 1999. A mevalonate-independent route to isopentenyl diphosphate, pp. 45-67 in Comprehensive Natural Products: Isoprenoids Including Carotenoids and Steroids, Vol.
25 27 27 27 30 37 37 39 40 43 44 45 INTRODUCTION The evolution of the basic compounds to be emphasized include the socalled 'tannins' that form brown, black, red, and red-brown colored polymers upon senescence: phloroglucinol polymers, caffeoyl-esters (caffeoyltannins), galloyl-esters (hydrolyzable tannins), proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins), the lignin-lignan group, and anthocyanidins (Fig. 1). Both 3-deoxy vs 3hydroxy forms of the flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and anthocyanidins will be emphasized.
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