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By Yves R. Simon

For Yves R. Simon, philosophy has an affinity to technological know-how, now not within the experience that philosophy is a trifling metascience, a observation at the sciences, yet particularly since it stocks an analogous target as technology: the quest for rationalization. The philosophy Simon espouses is philosophical realism which, following Jacques Maritain, he prefers to name serious realism. opposed to the unfairness that just some model of philosophical idealism, be it serious or absolute, is in a position to realizing optimistic technology. Simon, in Foresight and data, develops a philosophy of technological know-how shape a practical standpoint. Philosophy of technological know-how or the critique of technological know-how, because it used to be recognized in France, is in line with Simon, metahphysics within the workout of its severe functionality. Simon selects because the vital concentration of the treatise the matter of determinism, causality, and probability. Simon exhibits that the concept that determinismmust be understood in numerous conceptual platforms, resembling a philosophy of nature and physics; within the latter, determinism is conceived as achievable of sure and specified prediction.

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5. Quoted in L'édition littéraire au Québec, p. 16. 6. The information is gathered from the Bulletin bibliographique de la Société des Ecrivains Canadiens (Montreal: Société des Écrivains Canadiens, 1948, 1949). 7. This is from the unpublished transcript of a series of lectures given at the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago in 1959. 8. I refer to a series of nine articles that appeared in the Revue de l'Université d'Ottawa in 1972: Vol. 41, No. 4; Vol. 42, Nos. 1 and 2. Francis L.

The second stream consists of French reflection on science, the importance of investigations by Comte, Poincaré, Duhem, and Meyerson. Comte assigns as the goal of science not explanation, but mere prediction, human utility rather than the cognition of truth. 19 Despite whatever reservations Simon had about Meyerson as a philosopher, and several times these reservations are voiced in Foresight and Knowledge, this emphasis on explanation accounts for Simon's consideration for him. 21 One might conjecture that Bachelard's Kantian-like form of idealism was repugnant to Simon or that perhaps Bachelard's approach offered little that was helpful to Simon's task.

17. The criticism of Meyerson is mentioned by most commentators on Bachelard. For instance, Jean-Claude Margolin, Bachelard (Paris: Seuil, 1974), p. 66, says Meyerson was the anti-model for Bachelard. 21. Yves R. S. 8, No. 4 (July-August 1937), 355. 22. "With due allowance for the voluminous parts played by interpretations and constructions, the analysis of scientific facts brings forth a core of existential decisiveness by reason of which the fact can be called the experimental absolute. " In Philosophy of Knowledge: Selected Readings, ed.

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