Download From Indo-European to Latin: The Evolution of a by Helena Kurzová PDF

By Helena Kurzová

This examine goals to explain the typological features of the unique Indo-European constitution, referred to as the derivative-flectional level (or (sub)type), and to track its advancements to the paradigmatically equipped constitution of the person Indo-European languages, referred to as the paradigmatic-flectional degree (or (sub)type). This improvement is verified in Latin, a language characterised via highy constructed inflection, which attests, specifically by means of its verbal procedure, another manner of paradigmatizing the unique constitution, differing from previous Indian and Greek on which conventional reconstruction used to be based.
The concept of derivative-flectional kind is used to aim to penetrate to the unique shape and old assets of the IE flectional sort with out presupposing radical typological switch among Proto-IE and IE. The author's view differs from the normal idea of prehistoric swap in IE constitution (from isolation to flection through agglutination) in that she assumes the origins of flection lie in lexico-derivative categorization.
The ebook is split into 3 elements: 1. The Origins and Evolution of the Indo-European Flectional sort 2. the elemental ideas and Origins of the Nominal process and Inflections three. The Indo-European Origins of the Latin Verbal process

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On the other hand, semantic-syntactic aspect is, from the very beginning, included in this type of morphological semantics. The fundamental (animate vs. inanimate, active vs. inactive) and the more specific classifica­ tions (individual - non-individual, partial - total, etc. in nouns; perfective - imperfective, progressive - non-progressive, etc. in verbs) are not effected before and outside of, but within and with respect to, the sentence forming acts. 2). In the flectional IE structure, however, these denotational correlates of the sentences are primarily structured with respect to the intra­ categorial relationships and category inherent features, not with respect to intercategorial and relational ones.

As non-referential predicates, verbs open slots for or are oriented towards referential elements.

H. Schmidt 1979) the starting situation is that of split ergativity and the whole process was motivated by the tendency toward the uniform expression of syntactic rela­ tions. The extension of ergative into the function of nominative is here a secondary 'nominativization', which is preconditioned by the existence of the nominative in the present and other related tenses. 3) The alleged situation in which different verbs or verb classes would require a different case marking does not correspond to the free, non-compact struc­ ture of the IE sentence, which is well attested in ancient IE languages.

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