By Hultgren, S.J.
This quantity deals new perception into the origins of the ""new covenant within the land of Damascus"" and the Qumran neighborhood, and explores issues relating to their covenantal theology.
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Additional resources for From the Damascus Covenant to the Covenant of the Community: Literary, Historical, and Theological Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls (Studies of the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
This solution is very doubtful. If VIII,3-18 must be wed to its context in the way that VIII, 19 suggests, VIII,lb-2a has already accomplished that. Furthermore, as we shall see, it is more likely that VIII, 19 serves to connect the condemnation of apostates in VIII,2-18 with a further condemnation of apostates in what follows than that it connects VIII,3-18 to its context in the A text. "28 Murphy-O'Connor points to the condemnation of the wealthy ruling class as proud, hard-hearted, and lovers of money in Ben Sira and to the portrayal of the "leaders of Judah" as apostates in 1 Maccabees as 25 26 27 24 Murphy-O'Connor, "Critique," 209-10; Stegemann, Entstehung, 183.
298. made, again from a later perspective, students of the Preacher of the Lie (hence the interpolation in CD IV,20 and the gloss in VIII, 13 [=XIX,25-26]), whom others could "follow" (XIX,31-32). Thus we conclude that the reference to the "builders1' is original in IV, 19. It is still not clear whether the reference to the "builders" is also original in VIII, 12, although it is clear in any case that the connection between the "builders" and the "Man of the Lie" must be secondary. But if it is original, then against Murphy-O'Connor the "builders" do not represent the rulers of Judah; rather, they stand for mainstream Jewish society, specifical ly, that segment of society that has accepted Hellenization (VIII,9-11 ).
212. ; cf. also pp. 215-16. parallels to the condemnation of the "princes of Judah" in CD VIII,4-6. Certainly these parallels are potentially relevant. But Davies raises some important objections to Murphy-O'Connor's hypothesis. First, it is difficult to find a tone of "bitter disappointment" in CD VIII,3-18. Indeed, nothing elsewhere in the admonition leads one to believe that the movement behind D expected any official support from the rulers of Judah. 29 Despite his criticisms, however, Davies himself in the end also argues that "princes of Judah" is to be taken literally.