By Chris Hayward
Targeting the emergence of gender distinction as a massive lifestyles transition, this research presents a precis of interdisciplinary examine that incorporates contributions from a world crew of major specialists. Puberty is likely one of the most vital existence transitions. At no different time are there such major and fast variations in biology and social and mental improvement. subject matters coated during this quantity comprise organic elements of puberty, physique snapshot, aggression, sexual abuse, opposite-sex relationships and the psychopathology of puberty.
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Additional info for Gender Differences at Puberty
B. (1997). Psychiatric risk associated with early puberty in adolescent girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(2), 255–262. Herman-Giddons, M. , Slora, E. , Wasserman, R. , Bourdony, C. , Bhapkar, M. , Koch, G. , and Hasemeir, C. C. (1997). Secondary sexual characteristics and menses in young girls seen in ofﬁce practice: a study from the Pediatric Research Ofﬁce Settings Network. Pediatrics, 99, 505–512. Hick, K. , and Katzman, D. K. (1999). Self-assessment of sexual maturation in adolescent females with anorexia nervosa.
2000). Criticisms regarding the Herman-Giddens (1977, 2001) studies include that the girls in the ﬁrst study were not taken from a random sample of the population and thus that there may have been some ascertainment bias. Also, while the study reported an earlier onset of breast tissue, primarily by inspection only, there was no signiﬁcant earlier onset of menarche, which is a more easily identiﬁed endpoint. , 1976). , 1979), and in the United States obesity has greatly increased in the last ten years.
Even so, a deeper understanding of hormonal effects may not explain why the normal hormonal changes of puberty, which occur in every female, are associated with difﬁculties in particular individuals. , 1998). It may be that associations between the biological changes of puberty and the development of internalizing symptoms only emerge in the context of understanding differential sensitivities of vulnerable individuals. The rest of this chapter will discuss examples of potentially relevant downstream effects of hormones and potential factors conferring differential sensitivity to hormones in the production of internalizing symptoms at puberty.