By Milton Heumann, Lance Cassak
Solid Cop, undesirable Cop seems to be on the upward thrust of racial profiling, some of the most very important and hotly debated issues in felony justice, and lines its improvement from its origins in legal profiling, by utilizing profiles in drug trafficking prevention efforts in airports and at the U.S. highways, till it turned synonymous with racial discrimination by means of legislation enforcement. The authors draw upon an intensive physique of fundamental assets, social technology literature, and proceedings to check how legislations enforcement, legislators, and the courts have dealt with racial profiling. in addition they evaluate the controversy over racial profiling, supplying arguments made by means of its rivals and defenders sooner than and after the occasions of September eleven and describe its improvement as either a felony and a cultural proposal.
Read Online or Download Good Cop, Bad Cop: Racial Profiling and Competing Views of Justice in America (Studies in Crime and Punishment, V. 10.) PDF
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Extra resources for Good Cop, Bad Cop: Racial Profiling and Competing Views of Justice in America (Studies in Crime and Punishment, V. 10.)
Criminal Proﬁling vs. the Drug Courier Proﬁle The airport drug courier profile, like its ancestor the skyjacker profile, represented a further departure from the type of criminal profiling conducted by law enforcement agents such as the FBI’s BSU. Like the skyjacker profile, the drug courier profile was proactive rather than reactive; that is, agents employed the profile without any initial inkling that the person under observation had committed or was about to commit a crime. And, also like the skyjacker profile, the components of the profile were comprised of conduct and characteristics readily observable by ordinary persons as Cassak & Heumann: Good Cop, Bad Cop THE AIRPORT DRUG COURIER PROFILE page 47 47 opposed to those evident only to elite units of experts specially trained in the behavioral sciences.
The disposition to stereotype is an integral part of the policeman’s world. [. 72 Thus, Skolnick makes the case for the alert and seasoned police officer who is able to register new situations through the lens of past experiences. Other scholars echo these words but add some additional nuance to the explanation. Roy Roberg and Jack Kuykendall, building on Skolnick, note: Who is a dangerous person [to the police officer]? Those “types” of people with whom the officer has the most dangerous or troublesome experiences become in effect, that officer’s symbolic assailants.
49 As such, problems associated with drug use—on its own or tied to other phenomena—received significant attention in the press and resonated with broad segments of the public. 50 Three developments in Nixon’s War on Drugs would come to play a critical role in the evolution of profiling. First, and most important, was the creation of the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). Like that of his predecessors, the Nixon administration’s initial efforts to fight the use of illegal drugs were spread among a number of agencies, in- Cassak & Heumann: Good Cop, Bad Cop THE ROOTS OF RACIAL PROFILING page 27 27 cluding the BNDD and the Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement (ODALE).