By William C. Martel
This publication explores primary questions on grand approach, because it has advanced throughout generations and international locations. It offers an summary of the traditional period of grand approach and a close dialogue of its philosophical, army, and monetary foundations within the glossy period. the writer investigates those elements during the lenses of 4 techniques - these of historians, social scientists, practitioners, and armed forces strategists. the most aim is to supply modern coverage makers and students with a old and analytic framework during which to guage and behavior grand process. via supplying better analytical readability approximately grand procedure and describing its nature and its software for the country, this publication provides a complete idea at the perform of grand approach so one can articulate the U.S.' earlier, current, and destiny objective and place at the international degree.
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Additional info for Grand Strategy in Theory and Practice: The Need for an Effective American Foreign Policy
54 In other words, the contours of what constitutes a just or unjust war depend on the traditions established in a nation’s grand strategy. This is an argument that Haass does not develop directly, but the current book implicitly raises the issue. The Military Strategists The final group in this review of literature is the military strategist camp, which has a particularly narrow but immensely important view of grand strategy. Robert Art defines grand strategy as the proper long-range and long-term use of military power for achieving all of the nation’s foreign policy goals.
S. ”11 One strength of the narrower definition of grand strategy is that it emphasizes the specific policies and instruments of power that the state must use as it implements its foreign policy. In both cases, however, the narrow approach to the definition is outdated and departs too radically from the foundations that Sargeaunt, West, and Earle laid down in their definitions of grand strategy in the early 1940s. The Hierarchy of Strategic Interactions Edward Luttwak is the leading scholar on the hierarchical approach to defining grand strategy.
The first of the four essential functions of grand strategy is to prioritize among ends. 60 The difficult issue of prioritizing and selecting among competing issues is explored in Chapter 10. This priority-setting function is accomplished by articulating a coherent statement of the highest political ends to which the state is committed and then directing the state’s institutions to set priorities based on those ends. But this function is also accomplished by prioritizing regions and issues that affect various states and parts of the globe.