By Gábor Sonkoly
This ebook makes use of the old city panorama - the main lately codified inspiration of foreign city background conservation - to illustrate why it is crucial to demarcate historical past from cultural historical past and what effects the expanding acclaim for the latter have on background. It additionally demonstrates how the historical past of cultural historical past could be developed as a historic challenge. First, the conceptual background of city historical past maintenance – in response to the normal environment tools of overseas businesses – unearths the elemental components of the present idea of city history. moment, this idea, as worded within the HUL technique, is investigated in the course of the research of Vienna, which performed a very important function within the institution of HUL. those examples are used to to teach how the evolution of cultural historical past might be developed as a ancient problem.
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Additional info for Historical Urban Landscape
The Database of Standard-Setting Instruments of Urban Heritage The international legislation and regulation of urban heritage preservation, to which HUL inherently belongs, is normally considered to have started with The Athens Charter in 1931 (not published until 1943) but THE HISTORY OF HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE 23 became systematic only from the 1960s onward, thanks to the activities of UNESCO and ICOMOS. The legislative and regulatory documents usually refer to a selection of earlier documents in their preambles; they never intend to replace them, but to complete them or to render them more accurate.
Consequently, this transitory position of landscape makes it suitable for the process of territorialization of cultural heritage at the moment of its conceptual expansion by intangible heritage. The imprecise—or fuzzy—nature of landscape appropriately covers up the conceptual uncertainties of the expanding cultural heritage. Nevertheless, one wonders why the notion of cultural landscape, originally containing urban landscape too, did not prove to be sufficient for THE HISTORY OF HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE 43 the safeguarding of urban World Heritage.
In this sense, the changing notion of cultural heritage is not a societal issue but an integral part of the history of monument protection, and heritage is meant to indicate a fracture in time that is a privileged moment, in which it becomes heritage and, in consequence, inalterable. ”123 By the year of The Vienna Memorandum (2005d), continuity encoded in sustainability and the management of change impose themselves as the key problems of urban heritage protection. Though HUL is intended to integrate these issues into cultural heritage protection, there is only one international instrument, The Xi’an Declaration on the Preservation of the Setting of Heritage Structures (2005), which refers to it in the entire period of our analysis.