By Leon Pompa
This e-book offers a examine of the character and stipulations of ancient wisdom, performed via a research of the correct theories of Hume, Hegel and Vico. it is often proposal that during order to set up historic evidence, we need to have a conception of human nature to help our arguments. Hume, Hegel and Vico all subscribed to this view, and are consequently mentioned intimately. Professor Pompa is going directly to argue that there's in truth no approach of researching something approximately human nature other than via historic research. it is vital hence to discover a unique frame of mind approximately how we find ancient proof. this can be performed within the final bankruptcy the place, towards just about all current perspectives, it really is argued that we should have a framework of inherited wisdom prior to we will think in something which ends from ancient enquiry.
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Additional resources for Human Nature and Historical Knowledge: Hume, Hegel and Vico
THE CONSTANCY OF HUMAN NATURE item of evidence about the past if it were thought that it might not be a causal product of something in the past. But the claim that historical inferences are wholly causal is much more extreme and gives rise to serious problems. , what is a matter of objective fact. This means, however, that they must observe the range of constraints which permits the application of the concept of objective fact. It is true, of course, that the notion of causal interaction between things is one aspect of what is involved here.
But the notion of causation is by no means all that is involved in that of objective existence, and Hume's claim is defective in so far as it both disregards and implicitly denies the need for the satisfaction of any other conditions. This can be illustrated by attending first to a simple formal feature of the concept of fact itself: that incompatible facts cannot all be true. It follows from this alone that historical methodology cannot be understood solely in terms of the gathering of evidence and the application to that evidence of knowledge of causal regularities to reach conclusions about the objective historical past.
As a result he is led to introduce both an unacceptable temporal directionality into the logical relationships between our various historical beliefs and, thence, to offer an incorrect account of those relationships in themselves. For, as we have seen, the historian is just as likely to use knowledge of earlier facts to enable him to establish later facts as he is to use knowledge of later facts to establish earlier ones. In part, Hume's mistake on this point is due to the fact that, given his conception of the science of man, he could see no other way in which he could find a certain basis in the present by which to distinguish between fact and fiction in history.