By Henry E. Allison
Henry Allison is without doubt one of the finest interpreters of the philosophy of Kant. This new quantity collects all his fresh essays on Kant's theoretical and functional philosophy. unique gains of the gathering are: an in depth safety of the author's interpretation of transcendental idealism; a attention of the Transcendental Deduction and a few different fresh interpretations thereof; extra embellishments of the tensions among a number of facets of Kant's perception of freedom and of the advanced function of this perception inside Kant's ethical philosophy.
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Additional resources for Idealism and Freedom: Kant's Theoretical and Practical Philosophy
To be sure, there is an important sense in which this remains true, since a central claim of the Transeendental AnalytiC is that the categories are limited by their schemata as the sensible conditions of their realization. Thus, we cannot use the categories, any more than the forms of sensibility, to gain knowledge of things as they are in themselves. 12 Nevertheless, Kant clearly allows for a logical (as opposed to a real) use of the categories for the thought of things in general and/or as they are in themselves; and there are numerous passages in which Kant explicitly states that to think or consider 7 IDEALISM AND FREEDOM things as they are in themselves is just to think them as some pure intellect might, that is, one not restricted by sensible conditions.
44 Since I analyze Kant's case for one of these "substantive" claims (immateriality) in Chapter 7 ("Kant's refutation of materialism"), it would be redundant to pursue that topic here. Instead, I shall attempt to address Ameriks' objection by appealing to some general considerations regarding the Dialectic. From this point of view, what is distinctive about the kind of claim that Ameriks has in mind is that it involves transcendental ideas. By such an idea, Kant understands "a necessary concept of reason to which no corresponding object can be given in sense experience" (A327IB383) .
Now, admittedly, this is how such theories are usually construed. Most notably, with regard to the mind-body problem, "dual-aspectism" is often regarded as a competitor to both dualism and materialism; and Spinoza's account of the mind as constituting one and the same thing with the body is perhaps the elassical example of a dual-aspect theory in this metaphysical sense. 3S If anything is clear in this murky subject, however, it is that Kant's transcendental distinction is not to be understood a<; involving a theory of this type.