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By Gershon David Hundert

Lacking from so much money owed of the fashionable historical past of Jews in Europe is the adventure of what used to be the most important Jewish group within the world--an oversight that Gershon David Hundert corrects during this heritage of japanese ecu Jews within the eighteenth century. The adventure of eighteenth-century Jews within the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth didn't healthy the development of integration and universalization--in brief, of westernization--that historians are inclined to position on the origins of Jewish modernity. Hundert places this adventure, that of the vast majority of the Jewish humans, on the heart of his historical past. He specializes in the kinfolk of Jews with the nation and their function within the financial system, and on extra "internal" advancements comparable to the popularization of the Kabbalah and the increase of Hasidism. therefore he describes the weather of Jewish adventure that grew to become the root for a "core Jewish identity"--an identification that followed the vast majority of Jews into modernity.

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Additional info for Jews in Poland-Lithuania in the Eighteenth Century: A Genealogy of Modernity (S. Mark Taper Foundation Imprint in Jewish Studies)

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It was mainly Jews who managed the transformation in the use of grain (rye) from primarily an export 1. On this subject, the basic work remains Ignacy Schiper, Dzieje handlu xydowskiego na ziemiach polskich (Warsaw, 1937). More recent works on the economic activities of Jews in the eighteenth century include Jacob Goldberg, “Hamishar hakimªoni hayehudi bePolin bameºah ha18: Takanot lahenvanim beZaslav uveBrody vesheºelat hamekorot haªivriyim-hapolaniyim letoledot hamishar vehahevrah hayehudiyim,” in Studies on Polish Jewry: Paul Glikson Memorial Volume, ed.

Cf. Jacek Wijaczka, “Raport Ignacego Husarzewskiego o domach i placach xydowskich w Kozienicach z 1767 roku,” Studia Historyczne 43 (2000): 503–12; Jerzy Motylewicz, “Ulice etniczne w miastach ziemi przemyskiej i sanockiej w XVII i XVIII wieku,” KHKM 47 (1999): 149–55. Hundert, Jews of Poland 9/26/03 8:56 AM Page 31 THE LARGEST JEWISH COMMUNITY IN THE WORLD 31 ketplaces. 18 The numbers presented here constitute a powerful argument supporting my general contention about the formation of an eastern European Jewish mentality.

Budzynski, Ludnosd pogranicza, 1: 324–25. Hundert, Jews of Poland 9/26/03 8:56 AM Page 30 30 THE LARGEST JEWISH COMMUNITY IN THE WORLD chapters. Perhaps it is best to state from the outset that a simple dichotomous view is not nearly complex enough to reflect the actual situation. Nevertheless, it would appear, at least at first, that the demographic situation argues for Jewish insularity and apartness within the context of Polish-Lithuanian society. The dramatic contrast between the rate of expansion of the Jewish population and that of the Commonwealth’s population as a whole suggests cultural and physical isolation.

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