By Maurice Godelier
Pourquoi doit-on donner ? Pourquoi doit-on accepter ce que l'on vous donne ? Et, quand on a accepté, pourquoi faut-il rendre ?
Cet ouvrage évalue le rôle et l'importance du don dans le fonctionnement des sociétés et dans l. a. structure du lien social. Un terrain jadis défriché par Marcel Mauss et que Maurice Godelier study dans une point of view nouvelle : analysant les choses qu'on donne à partir des choses qu'on se doit de garder - au most excellent rang desquelles figurent les objets sacrés -, il montre que l'on peut tout à l. a. fois donner un objet et le garder, et fait apparaître ce qui est enfoui en lui : l'imaginaire associé au pouvoir.
Ainsi, toute société renferme deux ensembles de réalités: les unes soustraites à l'échange, au don, au marché, constituent autant de issues fixes nécessaires pour que les autres circulent. Et c'est précisément los angeles redéfinition des ancrages fondamentaux du fait social qui constitue los angeles tâche majeure de los angeles pensée politique aujourd'hui.
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Extra info for L'Enigme du don
Paintings and pictures of vessels that are – or used to be – family owned and operated are rather common in the homes of (retired) fishermen. More importantly, in the villagers’ self-image, Oosterend is definitely a fishing community. As mentioned above, in matters of creed Oosterend and Oudeschild differ markedly. The image of the former is that of a pious Protestant community, whereas Oudeschild’s is that of a predominantly nonreligious village. ’ However, in recent decades there have been striking changes in the political and religious ideologies of the two fishing villages.
It was a time of considerable turmoil in the Dutch fishing industry. It even led to the downfall of a minister who failed to harness the disobedient fishermen. The management regime had profound economic, social and cultural consequences for owner-operators and crewmembers alike. The chapter attempts to show how Texel fishermen tried to steer their course in an era that was replete with social dilemmas and why they were ambiguous about the regulatory regimes. To understand their active pursuit to achieve a position as ‘catch king’, it also addresses the socio-cultural issues of rivalry, hierarchy and respect.
They still take pride in their métier. Even though the occupational community has become rather small over the past decade or so, fishing continues to occupy an important economic and symbolic position at the local level. Scores of inhabitants are fishermen or have been on a crew for a number of years, and most Oosterenders and Oudeschilders have relatives, neighbours, friends or former schoolmates who are working in the island’s fishing industry. Emphasizing their fishermen identities, Oudeschild has a fishermen’s choir that regularly performs on the island and Oosterend features an annual fish-smoking contest.