By Carmen Fought
What's ethnicity? Is there a 'white' method of talking? Why do humans occasionally borrow good points of one other ethnic group's language? Why will we occasionally pay attention an accessory that won't there? This full of life evaluation unearths the attention-grabbing dating among language ethnic identification, exploring the the most important function it performs in either revealing a speaker's ethnicity and aiding to build it. Drawing on learn from quite a number ethnic teams worldwide, it indicates how language contributes to the social and mental approaches considering the formation of ethnic id, exploring either the linguistic positive factors of ethnic language types and likewise the ways that language is utilized by diverse ethnic teams. whole with dialogue questions and a word list, Language and Ethnicity could be welcomed by way of scholars and researchers in sociolinguistics, in addition to anyone attracted to ethnic matters, language and schooling, inter-ethnic communique, and the connection among language and identification.
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Extra resources for Language and Ethnicity (Key Topics in Sociolinguistics)
As discussed above, ﬂuency in a heritage language can also be used as a way of organizing expectations about ethnicity within the community. Individuals who do not speak the language may ﬁnd their ethnicity called into question, and speaking the language, as in the Dominican-American example above, may be a way of explicitly asserting ethnic identity. Although I have focused here on the attitudes of community members within an ethnic group, many of these ideologies may be shared by members of other groups in the same area.
Another bilingual Latina talked about her cousin, a recent immigrant to the USA: She changed. She started acting like she didn’t know Spanish. And she came from Mexico, barely like, three years ago . . and all of a sudden she changed, like, she started acting like she didn’t know Spanish. And she tried to act too American. ” you know. (2003:202) What makes this example even more dramatic is that the issue eventually escalated to a physical ﬁght between the teenage girl and her cousin. Simply not knowing the language well is not always seen as a reasonable excuse for refusal to speak it.
This speaker identiﬁes code-switching as part of the construction of MexicanAmerican or Chicano ethnicity, in contrast with immigrant Mexican ethnicity, which might look superﬁcially similar to outsiders. By codeswitching, speakers born in the USA are able to index simultaneously their Mexican heritage and their claim to a speciﬁcally US identity. A slightly different pattern involves the linguistic signaling of different identities where the components can be separated out from each other to an extent, but follow each other in rapid succession within a particular speech event.