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By Otto Jespersen

This ebook used to be first released in 1922.

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His first book (1811) was an Icelandic grammar, an admirable production when we consider the meagre work done previously in this field. icw. This we gather from Grimm's review, in which Rask's explanation is said to be "more astute than true" (" mehr scharfsinnig als wahr," Kleinere schriften, 7. 518). Rask even sees the reason of the change in the plural blb~ as against the singular bla"tS in the former having once ended in -u, which has since disappeared. This is, so far as I know, the first inference ever drawn to a prehistoric state of language.

Franz Bopp. The third. by some accounted the greatest, among thc founders of modern linguistic science was Franz Bopp. His life was uneventful. At the age of twenty-one (he was born in 1791) he went to Paris to study Oriental languages, and soon concentratcd his attention on Sanskrit. His first book, from which it is customary in Germany to date the birth of Comparative Philology, appeared in 1816, while he was still in Paris, under the title Ueber des conjugatiOnB81Jstem der sanBl&l'itspraihe in vergleichung mit jenem der griechischen,lateiniBchen, perBischen und germanischen 8p1Ylche, but the latter part of the small volume was taken up with translations from Sanskrit, and for a long time he was just as much a Sanskrit scholar, editing and translating Sanskrit texts, as a.

As continually changing. loud like Heraclitus I. 11] INTRODUCTION. SANSKRIT 83 .. " And lo! the bctter this historical point of view was applied, the more secrets languages seemed to unveil, and the more light seemed also to be thrown on objccts outside the proper sphere of language, such as ethnology and the early history of mankind at large and of particular countries. t least one man to grasp essential truths about the relationships and development of languages even without a knowledge of Sanskrit.

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