Download Linguistic Evidence: Empirical, Theoretical and by Stephan Kepser, Marga Reis PDF

By Stephan Kepser, Marga Reis

The renaissance of corpus linguistics and promising advancements in experimental linguistic concepts lately have ended in a striking revival of curiosity in problems with the empirical base of linguistic conception typically, and the prestige of alternative forms of linguistic proof specifically. Consensus is becoming (a) that even so-called basic facts (from introspection in addition to genuine language creation) are inherently advanced functionality facts in simple terms not directly reflecting the topic of linguistic concept, (b) that for a suitable beginning of linguistic theories facts from various assets akin to introspective facts, corpus facts, information from (psycho-)linguistic experiments, historic and diachronic info, typological facts, neurolinguistic information and language studying info usually are not merely welcome but additionally frequently important. it's particularly by way of contrasting proof from varied assets with admire to specific examine questions that we might achieve a deeper figuring out of the prestige and caliber of the person sorts of linguistic facts at the one hand, and in their mutual courting and respective weight at the different. the current quantity is a suite of (selected) papers offered on the convention on 'Linguistic proof' in Tübingen 2004, which was once explicitly dedicated to the above matters. them all deal with those matters on the subject of particular linguistic learn difficulties, thereby supporting to set up a greater realizing of the character of linguistic facts in relatively insightful methods.

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5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Aria Adli values, but rather an interpretation of the values in terms of a categorical concept of well-formedness. I consider D and E equally important with this issue. e. e. a significant result) has the same practical impact for the purposes of grammar research and should come along with the same error probability. e. both levels of variable B show the same decreasing trend whereas the three levels of variable A do not show the same trend (cf. also Bortz 1999: 289-291).

More concretely, in the case of OHG null subjects, it remains a puzzle under the loan-syntax hypothesis that null subjects were largely banned from prefinite environments and from contexts with 1st person plural verbs ending in –m. Moreover, the loan-syntax hypothesis cannot explain why translators were more reluctant to preserve the null subject variant with 1st and 2nd than with 3rd person. A further problem is that loan syntax cannot convincingly account for the fact why there should be any instances of unexpressed subjects at all both in the autochthonous literature as well as in texts which are not distinctly loyal to their Latin sources.

However, such an explanation does not carry over OHG. If at all, the verb-second grammar was consolidated and not weakened during late OHG. 24 An alternative perspective is offered by the account of Sprouse and Vance (1999). They argue that the replacement of null pronouns by overt pronouns in several Germanic and Romance languages should often be viewed as a result of a grammatical competition between null subjects and overt atonic forms. For null and overt subject pronouns to be in a real competition (in the sense of Kroch 1989) they must have the same referential properties.

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