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By George W. Stocking Jr.

Historical past of Anthropology is a sequence of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each one of which treats a subject of significant significance in either the heritage and present perform of anthropological inquiry. Drawing its identify from a poem of W. H. Auden's, the current quantity, Malinowski, Rivers, Benedict, and Others (the fourth within the sequence) specializes in the emergence of anthropological curiosity in "culture and personality" in the course of the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties. It additionally explores the historic, cultural, literary, and organic history of significant figures linked to the circulate, together with Bronislaw Manlinowski, Edward Sapir, Abram Kardiner, Ruth Benedict, Margaret Mead, and Gregory Bateson. Born within the aftermath of global conflict I, flowering within the years ahead of and after international conflict II, significantly attacked within the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties, "culture and personality" was once thus reborn as "psychological anthropology." no matter if this foreshadows the emergence of a big anthropological subdiscipline (equivalent to cultural, social, organic, or linguistic anthropology) from the present welter of "adjectival" anthropologies stay to be noticeable. meanwhile, the essays accrued within the quantity may possibly motivate a rethinking of the historic roots of many problems with present hindrance. integrated during this quantity are the contributions of Jeremy MacClancy, William C. Manson, William Jackson, Richard Handler, Regna Darnell, Virginia Yans-McLaughlin, James A. Boon, and the editor.

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Additional resources for Malinowski, Rivers, Benedict and Others: Essays on Culture and Personality (History of Anthropology, Volume 4)

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Malinowski did not produce a major theoretical statement on these topics to sustain his authoritative position on them within the discipline itself. No doubt this is to be explained in part by the pragmatic attitude to theory exemplified in his praise of Westermarck for refusing "to construct out of meagre and insufficient evidence a vast, hypothetical building, through the narrow windows of which we would have to gaze upon reality, and see only as much of it as they allow" (1922c:120). But there is also clearly a retreat even from more limited theoretical statements in this area.

Spiro 1982), it is also because he himself did not systematically pursue the issues he had raised in the 1920s. ), Malinowski did not produce a major theoretical statement on these topics to sustain his authoritative position on them within the discipline itself. No doubt this is to be explained in part by the pragmatic attitude to theory exemplified in his praise of Westermarck for refusing "to construct out of meagre and insufficient evidence a vast, hypothetical building, through the narrow windows of which we would have to gaze upon reality, and see only as much of it as they allow" (1922c:120).

Cially constraining, as opposed to its individually creative, aspect. " Without the incest taboo, "at maturity we would witness the breaking up of the family, hence complete social chaos and an impossibility of continuing cultural tradition" (251-52). The repression of incestuous sexuality, however, was only one of two fundamental problems of cultural continuity; the other "main peril of humanity," the "revolt against authority," had also to be dealt with if the "new type of human bond" for which there was "no prototype in the animal kingdom" was to be maintained (1927a:223-24).

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