By Carlo Nicola De Cecco, Marco Rengo (auth.)
The objective of the guide is to supply a realistic advisor for citizens and common radiologists, prepared alphabetically, essentially in keeping with illness or situation. The instruction manual could be designed as a brief e-book with a few illustrations and schemes and should hide issues on cardiac MDCT and MRI. Entries ordinarily comprise a brief description of pathological and medical features, suggestions on collection of the main acceptable imaging method, a schematic evaluate of power diagnostic clues, and worthy tips and tips.
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Additional info for MDCT and MRI of the Heart
019 Cor Triatriatum • Thin membrane that divides right (cor triatriatum dextrum) or left atrium (sinistrum). 1 % of all cardiac malformations) and frequently associated with other congenital abnormalities. Coronary Artery, Anomalous Origin • Incidence: 1–2 % of cases. • Malignant: when the vessel courses between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery, leading to compression in systole during exercise (risk of sudden cardiac death). • Benign: other anomalies with no interarterial course. • High takeoff when the coronary ostium is across/above the sinotubular junction.
Wide abnormalities spectrum: from Fallot type to transposition of the great arteries. • Can be associated with RVTO stenosis. • MR: (1) vascular connection, (2) ventricular volumes and function, (3) RVTO stenosis, (4) shunts. Dressler Syndrome • A myocardial infarction-associated pericarditis with delayed onset typically 1 week after infarction to several months. • Suspected autoimmune etiology. Ductus Arteriosus or Ductus Botalli • A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery to the aortic arch.
Diffuse disease may result in biventricular heart failure, whereas ventricular arrhythmias may or may not be present. 14 A • Fibrofatty infiltration: Specific histology findings of this pathology are fibrofatty replacement of myocardium of right ventricle in sub-tricuspid portion, outflow tract, and apex. • MR: (1) Sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance to discover myocardial fibrofatty infiltration in ARVC between 22 and 100 %; (2) BB images are usually used for evaluation of fibrofatty infiltration; (3) signs of ARVC include focal hypokinesis, akinesis, and dyskinesis; (4) LE: useful for the evaluation of fibrofatty infiltration.