By Elianne Riska
Adopting a structural process, this booklet offers a accomplished description and research of the present prestige of ladies physicians in 3 significant Western scientific structures. It indicates that the careers of girls physicians were formed via the historic and organizational possibilities for schooling, perform, and development. As niches opened and boundaries fell, ladies have been quickly to exploit the opportunity to check and perform in a number of clinical fields. scientific Careers and Feminist Agendas covers sociological and feminist thought, contemporary heritage, and the constitution and association of contemporary drugs within the 3 international locations from a accomplished, cross-national point of view. the 3 nations serve contrapuntally as examples, respectively, of a marketplace society, a welfare-state society, and a previously communist society in transformation. Theoretical debates are interwoven within the e-book with analyses extensive of structural contingencies. The publication has a twin viewers. in the academy, it is going to be utilized in classes in scientific sociology, the sociology of professions, and women’s reports. Practitioners and coverage makers within the box, conscious of the present upsurge in ladies physicians’ organizing round women’s overall healthiness matters, will welcome the ancient research, present information, and sociological research provided in its pages
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Additional info for Medical Careers and Feminist Agendas: American, Scandinavian, and Russian Women Physicians (Social Institutions and Social Change)
But it is also a view on work and organizations that can easily lead to a defense of separatism and segregation. The argument here is that women should not lose their own culture by integrating into the work culture of men but should adhere to their own values and interests and thereby achieve their own goals as women (see Alvesson and Billing 1997:168). A valorization of women’s culture and specific skills associated with that culture only results in an acceptance and further confirmation of not only the traditional gender categories but also the very gender system the female culture is grounded on.
The study of women physicians illuminates the major transformations of medicine as a social organization and as a profession. These transformations have had gendered implications. During the various phases in the mode of production of medicine, men physicians have been in the forefront of the new structure of medicine, while women physicians, as a less powerful group in the profession, have practiced in the less prestigious or more routinized parts of medical work. Here the concept of queueing-both of labor markets and jobs by gender-denotes the gendered processes that give rise to the gender-segregated h i e r a r ~ ~ i e s of work (Reskin and Roos 1990; Acker 1992).
In fact, the percentage declined in the 1930s and 1940s, when, too, the number of physicians declined from the number active in the profession in 1910. The following two sections will address two issues. The first section examines how the rise of hospital medicine influenced women physicians' position in the profession, and the second section describes the practice profile of women physicians during the era of corporate medicine, particularly in the late 1990s. S. medicine had a cottage industry character.