By Marcelle Gaune-Escard, Geir Martin Haarberg
Both hot temperature molten salts and room temperature ionic beverages (collectively termed liquid salts) have targeted houses, together with sturdy warmth skill, sturdy electric conductivity and, now and again, chemical catalytic houses. they're severe for the effective construction and processing of many alternative fabrics, for instance the electrolytic extraction and refining of aluminium and silicon, rather very important within the publish fossil gas period. different commercial functions variety from solvents and gasoline cells to alloy warmth remedies and pyroprocessing in nuclear fuel.
With a spotlight on sustainable methods for the construction and processing of fabrics, this booklet comprises over 60 chapters and is equipped into seven areas:
- Aluminium Electrolysis
- New techniques for Electrowinning
- Modeling and Thermodynamics
- High Temperature Experimental Techniques
- Electrochemistry in Ionic Liquids
- Nuclear Energy
- Energy Technology
Intended to supply an outstanding realizing of the homes, experimental equipment, theoretical tools and functions of those fabrics, Molten Salts: Chemistry and Technology is an unrivalled reference for chemists, engineers and fabrics scientists in academia, examine and industry.
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Extra resources for Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology
In both cases mainly diffusion control is observed, as shown by the inserts in both figures. 6 E vs. 15 mol% Na2 O. 4 E vs. 28 mol% CaO. 6 2. 8 1. 4 E vs. 1 mol% CaO. Inserted: ip versus ????1/2 for the two main peaks, ???? = (1–5) V/s ions can be oxidised at a potential near the chlorine evolution potential. This process could be a possible reason for the extra peak shown in the voltammogram of the NaCl-CaCl2 -CaO system at high oxide content and on graphite. The process cannot be purely diffusion controlled since the cd is much higher on graphite than it is on vitreous carbon at the same sweep rate and with concentration taken into account.
References 1. Sandnes,E. (2008) NTNU PhD thesis. , and Tunold, R. 2. , et al. (2001) Aluminium Electrolysis, Fundamentals of the Hall-Heroult Process, 3rd edn, Aluminium-Verlag, Dusseldorf, p. 159. 3. , et al. (1982) Aluminium Electrolysis, Fundamentals of the Hall-Heroult Process, 2nd edn, Aluminium-Verlag, Dusseldorf, p. 228. 4. Ginsberg, H. C. (1972) Metall, 26, 997. 5. Thonstad, J. (1964) J. Electrochem. , 111, 959. 6. Drossbach, P. Z. (1936) Zur Elektrometallurgie des Aluminiums, Elektrochem.
J. Appl. Electrochem, 31, 155–164. 11. Z. J. (2004) Toward optimisation of electrolytic reduction of solid chromium oxide to chromium powder in molten chloride salts. Electrochim. Acta, 49, 2195. 2 Interaction of Carbon with Molten Salts-Chloride-Carbonate Melts D. 1 Introduction Carbon plays many important roles in molten salts – it can be an inert anode for the evolution of chlorine during the electrolysis of chloride salts. If oxygen is being generated at the anode, as in the Hall Heroult Process for aluminium, carbon can react to form carbon dioxide.