By Jonas Olson
Jonas Olson offers a serious survey of ethical errors concept, the view that there aren't any ethical evidence and so all ethical claims are fake. partly I (History), he explores the ancient context of the controversy, and discusses the ethical blunders theories of David Hume and of a few kind of influential 20th century philosophers, together with Axel Hägerström, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Richard Robinson. He argues that the early situations for ethical blunders concept are suggestive yet that they'd were greater had they incorporated whatever like J. L. Mackie's arguments that ethical homes and evidence are metaphysically queer. half II (Critique) specializes in those arguments. Olson identifies 4 queerness arguments, pertaining to supervenience, wisdom, motivation, and irreducible normativity, and is going directly to determine that whereas the 1st 3 aren't compelling, the fourth has substantial strength, in particular while mixed with debunking causes of why we have a tendency to think that there are ethical homes and evidence while actually there are none. One end of half II is believable errors idea takes the shape of an mistakes conception approximately irreducible normativity. partially III (Defence), Olson considers demanding situations in keeping with which that sort of mistakes concept has complex ramifications relating to hypothetical purposes, epistemic purposes, and deliberation. He ends his dialogue with a attention of the results of ethical errors concept for usual ethical suggestion and speak, and for normative theorizing.
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Additional resources for Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence
I have no theory to offer about what counts as a sufficiently pervasive error; I can only mention two examples that will be discussed more carefully in the coming chapters. The first is the view that ordinary moral thinking involves the belief that moral properties and facts are objective although they are in fact mind-dependent. The second is the view that ordinary moral thinking takes moral judgements to purport to attribute objective moral properties and report objective moral facts although they in fact express non-cognitive attitudes.
Having such insightful and constructive critics is the closest a secular philosopher can get to being blessed. Russ Shafer-Landau and his students read drafts of Parts II and III in a graduate seminar on metaethics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. I am very grateful to Russ and his students for extremely helpful comments. Most of the book was written at the department of philosophy at Stockholm University, which is an excellent workplace. I have benefitted from sustained discussions with my Stockholm colleagues Henrik Ahlenius, Gustaf Arrhenius, Björn Eriksson, Sofia Jeppsson, Hasse Mathlein, Niklas Olsson-Yaouzis, and Torbjörn Tännsjö.
Contents 1. 1. 2. 3. The Many Moral Error Theories Part I: History 2. 1. 2. 3. Moral Error Theories: Hume’s and Mackie’s 3. 1. 2. 3. Tegen’s Critique 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. Mackie in 1946: the Argument from Relativity Part II: Critique 5. 1. 2. 3. The Third Queerness Argument: Motivation 6. 1. 2. 3. Queerness and Companions in Guilt 7. 1. 2. A Debunking Response Part III: Defence 8. 1. 2. 3. Error Theory and Deliberation 9. Moral Error Theory, and Then What? 1. 2. 3. 1. Rationale and Brief Overview of the Book Virtually any area of philosophy is haunted by a sceptical spectre.