By D. Donnelly
The ebook applies a version of municipal policing to check a couple of police platforms within the ecu Union suggesting that during the longer term neighborhood groups may have a few kind of police enforcement mechanism that won't consistently comprise the sworn police officer.
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Extra resources for Municipal Policing in the European Union: Comparative Perspectives
Police governance The provision for the sharing of responsibility for policing is an emerging issue in the modern day as the policing landscape is changing and we now live in a ‘plural’ world with private and public agencies involved in delivering their own specific brand of public safety and security within a framework of local municipal policing across the EU member states. The involvement of multi-agencies and the wider European and pan-world aspects of policing have increased more than ever the necessity for novel and tighter police accountability and governance, and seen globally, the wider policing vista ‘raises complex accountability problems for which it is difficult to identify simple and unequivocal formulae’ (Fijnaut 2002: 248).
In Scotland, when police systems in other parts of the UK began to move towards specialising in the specific field of law and order, the police maintained many of the traditional municipal duties (Barrie 2010a: 269). Prolonging a purer form of municipal policing more allied to European countries where police duties included public health and welfare, and according to Barrie, policing was ‘arguably the most important municipal institution to emerge in urban Scotland in the nineteenth-century’ (Barrie 2010b: 47).
History History shows that the public police never had a monopoly on policing and municipal policing itself has always been in constant transition (Zedner 2006: 92) and in many European countries policing is distinctively entwined in local government, with the term ‘municipal’ being given to a devolved authority at the local level. A historical trawl also shows how municipal policing has moved on from its oppressive role in the nineteenth century when it was accused of interfering with traditional means of support such as freedom to graze cattle on public highways and pilfering wood (Carson 1985: 8); to inspecting houses, sanitation, and weights and measures (Smith 1985: 22–29; Fielding 1991: 48); to the development of community policing in the twentieth century where the burden of policing is shared between many partners in the public sector, the private sector and to an extent the voluntary sector.