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By Carla Mucignat-Caretta

The discharge of pheromones is certainly one of quite a few kinds of nonverbal verbal exchange many animals use to transmit messages to different individuals of an analogous species. Their advanced molecular constitution permits those chemical messages to include loads of frequently very particular details. This e-book presents an outline of modern findings within the box of pheromones and chemical signs in vertebrate and invertebrate species. It Read more...

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J Fish Biol 80: 538–554. Johnston, RE (2003) Chemical communication in rodents: from pheromones to individual recognition. J Mammal 84: 1141–1162. Johnston, RE (2005) Communication by mosaic signals: Individual recognition and underlying neural mechanisms. ) Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 10. pp. 269–282. New York: Springer. Kamakura, M (2011) Royalactin induces queen differentiation in honeybees. Nature 473: 478–483. Karlson, P & Lüscher, M (1959) “Pheromones”: A new term for a class of biologically active substances.

6 PHEROMONES AND OLFACTION As cues evolve into pheromones, there is selection for increasing sensitivity and specificity of ORs for the molecules involved. The ORs lose their broad tuning and instead respond only to one molecule at physiological concentrations. The change in the specificity of the ORs comes from selection for changes in the sequence of amino acids in the binding site. 5) (Leary et al. 2012). The change in sensitivity to a pheromone due to OR changes at the level of amino acid sequences has also been explored in the nematode C.

Insect Hydrocarbons: Biology, Biochemistry, and Chemical Ecology. pp. 254–281. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Lim, H & Sorensen, PW (2012) Common carp implanted with prostaglandin F2α release a sex pheromone complex that attracts conspecific males in both the laboratory and field. J Chem Ecol 38: 127–134. Linn, CE, Campbell, MG & Roelofs, WL (1987) Pheromone components and active spaces: What do moths smell and where do they smell it? Science 237: 650–652. Logan, DW, Brunet, JL, Webb, WR, Cutforth, T, Ngai, J & Stowers, L (2012) Learned recognition of maternal signature odors mediates the first suckling episode in mice.

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