By Bram de Jager
Optimal regulate of Hybrid autos offers an outline of energy teach keep watch over for hybrid automobiles. The heritage, environmental motivation and regulate demanding situations linked to hybrid autos are brought. The textual content contains mathematical versions for all correct parts within the hybrid energy teach. the facility break up challenge in hybrid strength trains is officially defined and a number of other numerical options distinctive, together with dynamic programming and a unique resolution for state-constrained optimum keep watch over difficulties in keeping with the utmost precept.
Real-time-implementable options which could approximate the optimum answer heavily are handled intensive. a number of techniques are mentioned and in comparison, together with a state of the art approach that's adaptive for motor vehicle stipulations like speed and mass.
Three case experiences are incorporated within the ebook:
• a keep watch over method for a micro-hybrid energy educate;
• experimental effects received with a real-time process applied in a hybrid electrical truck; and
• an research of the optimum part sizes for a hybrid energy educate.
Optimal keep an eye on of Hybrid cars will attract educational researchers and graduate scholars drawn to hybrid motor vehicle keep watch over or within the purposes of optimum keep watch over. Practitioners operating within the layout of regulate structures for the car also will locate the information propounded during this ebook of interest.
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Extra info for Optimal Control of Hybrid Vehicles
IEEE Trans Ind Appl 38(6):1622–1626 Butler KL, Ehsani M, Kamath P (1999) A Matlab-based modeling and simulation package for electric and hybrid electric vehicle design. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 48(6):1770–1778 CFR40-19 (2012a) Code of federal regulations title 40—protection of environment. pdf CFR40-20 (2012b) Code of federal regulations title 40—protection of environment. http://www. pdf Chan CC, Bouscayrol A, Chen K (2010) Electric, hybrid, and fuel-cell vehicles: architecture and modelling. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 59(2):589–598 Delprat S, Lauber J, Guerra TM, Rimaux J (2004) Control of a parallel hybrid powertrain: optimal control.
Tech rep ORNL/TM-2011/471, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. pdf 14 1 Introduction Franzese O, Knee HE, Slezak L (2010) Effect of wide-based single tires on fuel efficiency of class 8 combination trucks. Transp Res Rec 2191(1):1–7 Geering HP (2007) Optimal control with engineering applications. Springer, Berlin Hofman T (2007) Framework for combined control and design optimization of hybrid vehicle propulsion systems. PhD thesis, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands IEA (2007) World Energy Outlook 2007.
If S = 0 than Pp = 0. When stop-start of the engine is possible then Pf,i = 0 if S = 0, see Fig. 3a. 1 presents typical relations for Pf . ˙ f (or fuel rate, for short) The fuel power Pf is related to the fuel mass flow rate m by the lower heating value, h Pf = hm ˙f. The characteristics of the hybrid drivetrain components require a non-smooth model in many hybrid vehicle applications, where charging and discharging is modeled with a non-smooth continuous function, see Fig. 3b. 3) with Ps_ch (0, Es ) = Ps_dis (0, Es ), in which Ps_ch is the storage power during charging of the battery and Ps_dis the storage power during discharging of the battery, 18 2 Cyber-physical Modeling of Hybrid Vehicles see Fig.