By Jean-Christophe Plantin
This publication is meant for functions of on-line electronic mapping, referred to as mashups (or composite application), and to research the mapping practices in on-line socio-technical controversies. The speculation recommend is that the facility to create an internet map accompanies the formation of on-line viewers and offers help for a place in a debate at the Web.
The first half presents a examine of the map:
- a mixture of map and statistical reason
- crosses among map theories and CIS theories
- contemporary advancements in scanning the map, from Geographic info platforms (GIS) to net map.
The moment half is predicated on a corpus of twenty "mashup" maps, and provides a techno-semiotic research highlighting the "thickness of the mediation" they're in a strategy of conversation on the net. Map as a tool to "make do" is hence changed via those phases of construction, starting from electronic information of their viewing, prior to describing the development of the map as a device for visible proof in public debates, and finishing with an research of the delegation motion opposed to net users.
The 3rd part presents an research of those mapping practices within the case examine of the debate over nuclear radiation following the coincidence on the Fukushima plant on March eleven, 2011. Techno-semiotic procedure utilized to this corpus of radiation map is supplemented by way of an research of internet graphs, derived from "digital equipment" and graph idea, accompanying the research of the former steps maps (creating Geiger info or retrieving documents online), but in addition their stream, as soon as maps are made.
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Additional resources for Participatory Mapping: New Data, New Cartography
Google Maps mainly enables the Mountain View company to secure its position at the forefront of the Web and to increase its supply of indexable data. In this, Google attributes a different agenda to base maps than the OSM association. 1. The map according to Google Google is known for its appetite for “grassroots innovation”, for example with its “20% projects” which allows Google employees to use a fifth of their working hours to develop their own projects [LEV 11]8. In the case of its mapping service, Google may simply have taken a gamble without having a set agenda concerning its potential uses.
Then, as a response to a high number of large Web companies (such as Foursquare) changing to OSM, Google reduced its tariffs. com/2012/06/22/google-maps-apigets-massive-price-cut-in-the-wake-of-developer-defections. 42 Participatory Mapping part in facilitating the access to and re-use of map background data. 3. The Web as platforms As base maps become available online through APIs, maps’ status shifts from self-sufficient objects to platforms. This notion stresses the possibility to question and reprogram the existing content: Definitionally a “platform” is a system that can be reprogrammed and therefore customized by outside developers – users – and in that way, adapted to countless needs and niches that the platform’s original developers could not have possibly contemplated, much less had time to accommodate.
Snow went to see the authorities with his graphic evidence and requested that the water pump responsible for the contamination be shut down immediately. Snow used this map to show that mortality rates were related to the water pumps, but also to reason by exclusion, showing why other households had low mortality rates. Snow compared, for instance, the situation of highly impacted households around the water pump on Broad Tooling up for Complexity 17 Street with a factory on the same street which did not show any victims.