By Oliver P. Richmond
Foreign actors, together with key states just like the US and organisations corresponding to the UN, ecu, African Union, and international financial institution, and a number of NGOs, have lengthy been faced with the query of ways to accomplish an emancipatory kind of peace. This ebook argues that the localized formation of peace has now not been tested heavily adequate. but it presents vital 'navigation issues for policymakers' and the an important and, so a long way, often-missing legitimacy for wider peacebuilding and statebuilding efforts. Read more...
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However, in general, peace formation so far remains marginal to the state and to the international, even though hybrid forms of both are apparent. Chapter 2 extends this analysis and outlines the theoretical basis for peace formation in greater detail, discussing a range of key dynamics and actors, which according to the theory and concepts outlined in c hapter 1, should be characteristic. It argues that there are four possible pathways along which peace formation may develop. Chapter 3 then turns to empirical analysis with reference to examples of peace formation from around the world in which it has become obvious that local roles in peace processes, peacebuilding, and statebuilding, are unexpectedly significant.
5 This chapter outlines the theoretical potential of the concept of peace formation, drawing on its earlier iterations and developing it in the context of contemporary debates about state formation, statebuilding, and liberal peacebuilding. It sketches a conceptual and a theoretical framework for peace formation (from a grass-roots rather than an artificial “AstroTurf” level)6 in order to challenge the politically ambivalent strategy on the part of IR and policymakers of maintaining a bureaucratic process of statebuilding and peacebuilding.
Furthermore, a clear lesson of history is that peace cannot be made without enemies engaging with each other and reconciling through contextualized social, political, and economic institutions, a fact modern statebuilding and peacebuilding approaches sidestep by focusing on universal norms, basic security, and trade. Clearly, basing peace projects on local institutions, processes, customs, identities, and actors and their needs is vital, even if these have broken [ 36 ] Theorizing the Social Formation of Peace down and need reforming.